Research Output 1984 2019

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Conference article in proceedings
2019

An ICT cost comparison of different market structures for distributed ancillary services

Kuusela, P., Koponen, P., Xu, H. & Kockar, I., 3 Jun 2019, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Electricity Distribution: CIRED 2019. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 5 p. 827. (Conference proceedings CIRED).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Costs
Market structure
Ancillary services
Cost comparison
Methodology

Behaviour analysis of electrical vehicle flexibility based on large-scale charging data

Divshali, P. H. & Evens, C., Jun 2019, 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Concretes
6 Downloads (Pure)

Combining the strengths of different load modeling methods in short–term load forecasting of a distribution grid area with active demand

Koponen, P., Niska, H. & Mutanen, A., 2019, SC D2 Colloquium 2019. 8 p. 04

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
File
Learning systems
Distributed power generation
Smart meters
State estimation
Power quality
7 Downloads (Pure)

Demand response field trial experiences

Koponen, P., Weiss, R. & Ketomäki, J., 3 Jun 2019, (Accepted/In press) 25th International Conference on Electricity Distribution: CIRED 2019. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 5 p. 1946

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
File
Electric loads
District heating
Energy balance
Industry

Mitigating the Weaknesses of Machine Learning in Short–Term Forecasting of Aggregated Power System Active Loads

Koponen, P., Niska, H. & Mutanen, A., 22 Jul 2019, (Accepted/In press) IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (IEEE-INDIN 2019). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Learning systems
Dynamic loads
Model structures
Dynamical systems
Temperature

Modelling and Control of DC Microgrids in Residential Buildings

Motta, S., Alahäivälä, A., Divshali, P., Pasonen, R., Kulmala, A., Mäki, K., Cho, Y. & Kim, H., Jun 2019, Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Electricity Distribution: CIRED 2019. 5 p. 867

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Energy management
Electricity
Electric potential

Open phase condition scenarios for nuclear power plant electrical network studies

Kulmala, A. & Alahaivala, A., Jun 2019, 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Nuclear power plants
Electric potential

Smart Grid Co-Simulation by Developing an FMI-Compliant Interface for PSCAD

Divshali, P., Laukkanen, M., Kulmala, A., Mäki, K., VanderMeer, A., Bhandia, R., Widl, E. & Steinbrink, C., Jun 2019, Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Electricity Distribution: CIRED 2019 . 5 p. 849

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Wind turbines
MATLAB
Dynamic models
Controllers
2018
1 Citation (Scopus)

A continuously tunable NIR laser and its applications in material classification

Jaanson, P., Vaigu, A., Kääriäinen, T., Mannila, R., Lehtomäki, V. & Manninen, A., 2018, Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing XIV. Singh, U. N. & Tzeremes, G. D. (eds.). Bellingham: International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 1079107. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 10791).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Laser tuning
laser applications
tunable lasers
Laser
Infrared lasers
1 Citation (Scopus)

Analysis of open phase condition influence on an induction motor

Alahäivälä, A. & Lehtonen, M., 25 Jun 2018, 2018 19th International Scientific Conference on Electric Power Engineering, EPE 2018 - Proceedings. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Induction Motor
Induction motors
Transformer
Stators
Electric potential

A study in microgrid ownership effects on investment risk in comparison with underground cabling

Rosqvist, T., Uski, S. & Sarsama, J., 27 Jun 2018, 2018 IEEE International Energy Conference, ENERGYCON 2018. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Microgrid
Distribution Network
Electric power distribution
Operator
Incentives

Control and protection of DC based residential microgrid in LVDC distribution system

Alahäivälä, A., Ikäheimo, J., Kim, H., Mäki, K., Forssen, K., Cho, J., Kulmala, A., Cho, Y. & Kim, J., Jun 2018, CIRED 2018 Workshop Proceedings. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 4 p. 0274. (CIRED Workshop Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Coordinated Voltage Control as a Replacement for Passive Network Reinforcements: A Case Study

Supponen, A., Repo, S. & Kulmala, A., 17 Apr 2018, 2017 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications, SmartGridComm 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 326-331 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Passive networks
Active networks
Network management
Voltage control
Reinforcement
2 Citations (Scopus)

Distributed automation solution and voltage control in MV and LV distribution networks

Reponen, H., Kulmala, A., Tuominen, V. & Repo, S., 16 Jan 2018, Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , Vol. 2018-January. p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Distributed power generation
Electric power distribution
Voltage control
Automation
Active networks
2 Citations (Scopus)

Electricity consumption contribution to power system inertia: Case electric vehicles and thermostatically controlled loads in Finland

Alahäivälä, A. & Lehtonen, M., 16 Jan 2018, Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Electric vehicles
Kinetic energy
Electric space heating
Electricity
Refrigerators

Experiences of Laboratory and Field Demonstrations of Distribution Network Congestion Management

Kulmala, A., Angioni, A., Repo, S., Della Giustina, D., Barbato, A. & Ponci, F., 2018, IECON 2018 - 44th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 3543-3549 7 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Electric power distribution
Demonstrations
Testing
Automation

Experimental study on spectral absorbance in fog as a function of temperature, liquid water content and particle size

Mäyrä, A., Hietala, E., Kutila, M., Pyykönen, P., Tiihonen, M. & Jokela, T., 1 Jan 2018, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XX. Gladysz, S. & Stein, K. U. (eds.). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 104250G. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 10425).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

fog
Water Content
Fog
Particle Size
Water content

Guidelines for Residential Customer Interface and Connection Principlesin LVDC Grids

Alahäivälä, A., Mäki, K., Kulmala, A., Ikäheimo, J., Forssen, K., Cho, Y., Kim, H., Cho, J. & Kim, J., Jun 2018, CIRED 2018 Workshop Proceeding. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 4 p. 0185. (CIRED Workshop Proceedings, Vol. 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Topology
Energy efficiency

Impact of longer stochastic forecast horizon on the operational cost of a power system

Miettinen, J. J., Ikaheimo, J., Rasku, T., Holttinen, H. & Kiviluoma, J., 24 Sep 2018, 15th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2018. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 8469219

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Costs
Wind power
Decision making
Forecast horizon
Power system

Improved modelling of electric loads for enabling demand response by applying physical and data-driven models: project RESPONSE

Koponen, P., Hänninen, S., Niska, H., Kolehmainen, M., Mutanen, A., Rautiainen, A., Järventausta, P. & Koivisto, H., 3 Jun 2018, IEEE International Energy Conference ENERGYCON 2018: Towards Self-healing, Resilient and Green Electric Power and Energy Systems. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 6 p. 19

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Electric loads

R&I Needs and Challenges for a Future Reliable, Economic and Efficient Smart Grid System Taking into Account Microgrid and Local Energy Communities to Support the EU Energy Transition

Rinaldi, R., Losa, I., Carrilero-Borbujo, I., Prata, R., Münster, M., Kulmala, A., Samovich, N., Strelec, M., Bermudez Llamusi, V., Alves, R. & Friedl, W., Jun 2018, CIRED 2018 Workshop Proceeding. Ljubljana, Slovenia: International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 5 p. 100

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Grid
Economics
Energy
Innovation
Roadmap

SGAM use case definition of an information exchange architecture

Mashlakov, A., Tikka, V., Honkapuro, S., Lehtimäki, P., Repo, S., Keski-Koukkari, A., Aro, M., Abdurafikov, R. & Kulmala, A., 2018, CIRED 2018 Workshop Proceedings. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 4 p. 0503. (CIRED Workshop Proceedings, Vol. 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Energy resources
Industry
1 Citation (Scopus)

Use case description of real-time control of microgrid flexibility

Mashlakov, A., Tikka, V., Honkapuro, S., Partanen, J., Repo, S., Jarventausta, P., Kulmala, A., Abdurafikov, R., Keski-Koukkari, A. & Aro, M., 24 Sep 2018, 15th International Conference on the European Energy Market: EEM 2018. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 5 p. 8469218

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Active networks
Network management
Real time control
Application programming interfaces (API)
Communication
2017
6 Citations (Scopus)

An integrated research infrastructure for validating cyber-physical energy systems

Strasser, T., Moyo, C., Bründlinger, R., Lehnhoff, S., Blank, M., Palensky, P., van der Meer, A. A., Heussen, K., Gehrke, O., Rodriguez, J. E., Merino, J., Sandroni, C., Verga, M., Calin, M., Khavari, A., Sosnina, M., de Jong, E., Rohjans, S., Kulmala, A., Mäki, K. & 5 others, Brandl, R., Coffele, F., Burt, G. M., Kotsampopoulos, P. & Hatziargyriou, N., 1 Jan 2017, Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems. Strasser, T., Wahlster, W., Marik, V. & Kadera, P. (eds.). p. 157-170 14 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 10444 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Global warming
Power quality
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Automation
3 Citations (Scopus)

Attractiveness of demand response in the Nordic electricity market: Present state and future prospects

Rautiainen, A., Koskela, J., Vilppo, O., Supponen, A., Kojo, M., Toivanen, P., Rinne, E. & Järventausta, P., 14 Jul 2017, 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 6 p. 7981925

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Smart meters
Electricity
Economics
Power markets
Attractiveness

Improving the performance of machine learning models by integrating partly physical control response models in short-term forecasting of aggregated power system loads

Koponen, P., Niska, H. & Huusko, R., 2017, Proceedings ITISE 2017. Granada, 18-20, September, 2017.. Valenzuela, O. & Rojas, I. (eds.). University of Granada, Vol. 2. p. 795-806

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
File
Learning systems
Dynamical systems
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Influence and optimal use of OLTC in wind power plants for reactive power capability requirement compliance

Uski, S., 2017, 2017 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2017 - Proceedings. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Reactive power
Wind power
Power plants
Voltage control
Compliance

Nonlinear optimal control of the responses of residential small houses with new energy resources

Koponen, P., Pasonen, R. & Löf, A., 2017, 24th International Conference on Electricity Distribution: CIRED 2017. Institution of Engineering and Technology IET, 5 p. 0059

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Energy resources
Electricity
Pumps
Costs
Hot Temperature

Recommendations for Wind and Solar Integration Studies

Holttinen, H., Kiviluoma, J., Flynn, D., Dillon, J., Mather, B., Hodge, B. M., Vrana, T. K., Söder, L., Neau, E., Cutululis, N., Ogimoto, K., Kraiczy, M., Carlini, E. M. & Smith, J. C., 2017, Proceedings. Energynautics GmbH

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Open Access
3 Citations (Scopus)

Sensitivity of electricity prices in energy-only markets with large amounts of zero marginal cost generation

Helistö, N., Kiviluoma, J. & Holttinen, H., 14 Jul 2017, 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 7981893

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Electricity
Solar energy
Wind power
Costs
Planning
2016
6 Citations (Scopus)

Agent-Based Simulation of Day-Ahead Energy Markets: Impact of Forecast Uncertainty and Market Closing Time on Energy Prices

Algarvio, H., Couto, A., Lopes, F., Estanqueiro, A., Holttinen, H. & Santana, J., 2016, Database and Expert Systems Applications (DEXA), 2016 27th International Workshop on. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 166-170

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Wind power
Uncertainty
Power markets

Analysis of optimal dynamic price control of heat pump houses with solar power

Koponen, P., Pasonen, R. & Löf, A., 23 Feb 2016, CIRED Workshop 2016. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-4

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Solar energy
Pumps
Electricity
Hot Temperature
Power markets
6 Citations (Scopus)

Dynamic line rating forecastability for conservative day-ahead line rating values

Uski, S., 28 Jan 2016, Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2015 - 41st Annual Conference of the IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 3738-3742

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Power transmission
Temperature measurement
Temperature

Factors of vulnerability and resilience in energy systems

Mäki, K., Forssén, K. & Räikkönen, M., 23 Feb 2016, CIRED Workshop 2016. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-4

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

vulnerability
infrastructure
energy
methodology
monitoring

Frequency regulation possibilities of power-to-gas plants in grids including high shares of renewable energy production

Peltoniemi, P., Pyrhönen, O., Savolainen, J., Weiss, R. & Pasonen, R., 2016, Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy, 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

2 Citations (Scopus)

Hybrid model for short-term forecasting of loads and load control responses

Koponen, P. & Niska, H., 2 Jul 2016, PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), 2016 IEEE . IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6 7856320

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Support vector machines
Thermal load
Model structures
Temperature measurement
Heating

IEA Wind Task 25: summary of experiences and studies for wind integration

Holttinen, H., 2016, 15th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Plants. Energynautics GmbH, 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Wind power
Electricity
Solar energy
Planning
Gases
2 Citations (Scopus)

Method Including Power Grid Model and Route Simulation to Aid Planning and Operation of an Electric Bus Fleet

Ranta, M., Karvonen, V., Potter, J. J., Pasonen, R., Pursiheimo, E., Halmeaho, T., Ponomarev, P. & Pihlatie, M., 22 Dec 2016, Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2016 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-5

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Planning
Systems analysis
Operating costs
User interfaces
Costs

Operation of a PTG plant under power scheduling

Savolainen, J., Kannari, L., Pennanen, J., Tähtinen, M., Sihvonen, T., Pasonen, R. & Weiss, R., 2016, Conference Proceedings of the 10th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2016). EUROSOLAR The European Association for Renewable Energy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Methanation
Scheduling
Compressors
Pressure control
Flow control

Simulation of drifting sea ice interaction with an offshore wind turbine: feasibility study of FAST simulation software

Heinonen, J. & Rissanen, S., 2016, Proceedings of ICSOS 2016. p. 173-182

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

16 Downloads (Pure)

VTT Icing wind tunnel 2.0

Tiihonen, M., Jokela, T., Makkonen, L. & Bluemink, G-J., 10 Feb 2016, Winterwind Presentations 2016. 14 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

File
2 Citations (Scopus)

Wind power in markets for frequency support services

Holttinen, H., Ivanova, A. & Dominguez, J. L., 28 Jul 2016, European Energy Market (EEM), 2016 13th International Conference on the . IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-5

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Wind power
Power plants
3 Citations (Scopus)

Wind power producers in shorter gate closure markets and balancing markets

Holttinen, H., Miettinen, J. J., Couto, A., Algarvio, H., Rodrigues, L. & Estanqueiro, A., 28 Jul 2016, European Energy Market (EEM), 2016 13th International Conference on the. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-5

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Wind power
Costs
2015
1 Citation (Scopus)

Aggregate wind power plant collection network modeling: error sources and magnitudes

Uski, S., 21 Jan 2015, Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT ASIA), 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-7 7386981

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Wind power
Power plants
Wind turbines
Reactive power
Agglomeration

Cost optimal share of wind power, PV and batteries

Kiviluoma, J., Azevedo, M., Rinne, E. & Helistö, N., 2015, 14th Wind Integration Workshop, Proceedings. Betancourt, U. & Ackermann, T. (eds.). Energynautics GmbH, 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Wind power
Costs
Planning

Electricity market and power flow impact of offshore grids in the Baltic sea region

Helistö, N. & Uski, S., 2015, 14th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Plants. Energynautics GmbH

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Wind power
Topology
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Costs
5 Citations (Scopus)

Evolving smart meter data driven model for short-term forecasting of electric loads

Niska, H., Koponen, P. & Mutanen, A., 2015, Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), 2015 IEEE Tenth International Conference on. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-6

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Smart meters
Electric loads
Neural networks
Model structures
Linear regression

Interharmonics and light flicker

Koponen, P., Hansen, H. & Bollen, M., 2015, 23rd International Conference on Electricity Distribution. International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution CIRED, 5 p. Paper 1100

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Fluorescent lamps
Electric potential
Electromagnetic compatibility
Electric power distribution
Luminance

International comparison of wind and solar curtailment ratio

Yasuda, Y., Bird, L., Carlini, E. M., Estanqueiro, A., Flynn, D., Forcione, A., Gómez Lázaro, E., Higgins, P., Holttinen, H., Lew, D., Martin-Martinez, S., McCann, J., Menemenlis, N. & Smith, C. J., 2015, Proceedings of WIW2015 workshop Brussels, 20-22 Oct, 2015. Energynautics GmbH, 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

international comparison
energy
penetration
3 Citations (Scopus)

Reduction of CO2 emissions due to wind energy - methods and issues in estimating operational emission reductions

Holttinen, H., Kiviluoma, J., McCann, J., Clancy, M., Millgan, M., Pineda, I., Eriksen, P. B., Orths, A. & Wolfgang, O., 2015, Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , p. 1-5

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Wind power
Electricity
Coal
Gases