Graphene impedance quantum standard

Project: EU project

Project Details


Graphene-based quantum standard for the practical realisation of electrical impedance units in the new SI.

There exists a clear need for a shorter and easier traceability chain of impedance to quantum standards, available and affordable for all NMIs, calibration centres, and industry.

Project develops enabling technology for the practical realisation of electrical impedance units (ohm, farad, henry) in the revised SI.

VTT MIKES develops technologies needed for AC operation of a graphene quantum Hall resistance standard and a Josephson voltage standard together in a cryocooler.

Call 2018: SI Broader Scope

This project has received funding from the EMPIR programme co-financed by the Participating States and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
Effective start/end date1/06/1931/05/22

Collaborative partners

  • German National Metrology Institute (PTB) (lead)
  • BA66 National metrology institute VTT MIKES
  • Czech Metrology Institute (CMI) (Project partner)
  • National Metrological Institute (INRIM) (Project partner)
  • Laboratoire National de Métrologie et d’Essais (LNE) (Project partner)
  • Federal Institute of Metrology (METAS) (Project partner)
  • RISE Research Institutes of Sweden (Project partner)
  • French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) (Project partner)
  • National Institute of Metrology (NIMT) (Project partner)
  • Politecnico di Torino (Project partner)
  • Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (Project partner)


  • EURAMET e.V.


  • graphene
  • quantum standard
  • electrical impedance units
  • quantum Hall resistance standard
  • Josephson voltage standard