3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor

Akiko Gädda, Reijo Tuovinen, Henry Rimminen, Sinikka Lalu, Jaakko Saarilahti, Anu Kärkkäinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Advanced 3D packaging of a Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) chip and a CMOS/ASIC Chip was studied. We successfully introduced redistribution process applying two spin coated polybenzoxazole (PBO) polymer layers and two metal layers on 200 mm ASIC wafer. Both MEMS and ASIC bump pad openings were set to 60 μm in diameter. Sputtering and electrochemical plating (ECP) techniques were utilized for metallization. On the Al pads of the sensor Au stud bumps were created. The redistributed ASIC pads were coated with sputtered Au on top of the ECP nickel metal layer and thus Au-Au flip chip bonding was accomplished. The MEMS sensor element in this study was capacitive pressure sensing diaphragm. The diaphragm was made of poly-Si. The pressure range tested was typical barometric range from 35 kPa to 115 kPa. The device operating temperature range from - 40 °C to + 85 °C was tested. Along with the packaging process, solder ball transfer jig was fabricated using bulk silicon wafer. It enabled transfer of eight solder balls to the Chip Scale Packaging (CSP) at one time. The solder ball landing pad was sputtered Au as well. The solder ball pad openings were 300 μm in diameter. Two different size of solder balls were used, 310 μm and 410 μm to ensure enough clearance between CSP and Printed Circuit Board (PCB). Solder balls were consisted of polymer core ball with SnAgCu (SAC) solder metal layers. Several thermo compression bondings were carried out and fine-tune solder ball connections. Functionality was verified by electrical device measurements. To improve productivity, replacement of the Au stud bumps was demonstrated using wafer level ECP to make SnAg μbumps. The plating quality attained within 1 μm height uniformity inside a bonding chip area. SEM observation showed that connection of SnAg micro bump to Au-pad metal was realized.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-4026-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014 - Helsinki, Finland
    Duration: 16 Sep 201418 Sep 2014
    Conference number: 5th

    Conference

    Conference5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014
    Abbreviated titleESTC 2014
    CountryFinland
    CityHelsinki
    Period16/09/1418/09/14

    Fingerprint

    Soldering alloys
    Packaging
    Sensors
    Application specific integrated circuits
    Plating
    Diaphragms
    Metals
    Nickel plating
    Jigs
    Polymers
    Metallizing
    Landing
    Silicon wafers
    Printed circuit boards
    Sputtering
    Compaction
    Productivity
    Scanning electron microscopy

    Cite this

    Gädda, A., Tuovinen, R., Rimminen, H., Lalu, S., Saarilahti, J., & Kärkkäinen, A. (2014). 3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor. In Proceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014 [6962737] IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/ESTC.2014.6962737
    Gädda, Akiko ; Tuovinen, Reijo ; Rimminen, Henry ; Lalu, Sinikka ; Saarilahti, Jaakko ; Kärkkäinen, Anu. / 3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor. Proceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2014.
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    abstract = "Advanced 3D packaging of a Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) chip and a CMOS/ASIC Chip was studied. We successfully introduced redistribution process applying two spin coated polybenzoxazole (PBO) polymer layers and two metal layers on 200 mm ASIC wafer. Both MEMS and ASIC bump pad openings were set to 60 μm in diameter. Sputtering and electrochemical plating (ECP) techniques were utilized for metallization. On the Al pads of the sensor Au stud bumps were created. The redistributed ASIC pads were coated with sputtered Au on top of the ECP nickel metal layer and thus Au-Au flip chip bonding was accomplished. The MEMS sensor element in this study was capacitive pressure sensing diaphragm. The diaphragm was made of poly-Si. The pressure range tested was typical barometric range from 35 kPa to 115 kPa. The device operating temperature range from - 40 °C to + 85 °C was tested. Along with the packaging process, solder ball transfer jig was fabricated using bulk silicon wafer. It enabled transfer of eight solder balls to the Chip Scale Packaging (CSP) at one time. The solder ball landing pad was sputtered Au as well. The solder ball pad openings were 300 μm in diameter. Two different size of solder balls were used, 310 μm and 410 μm to ensure enough clearance between CSP and Printed Circuit Board (PCB). Solder balls were consisted of polymer core ball with SnAgCu (SAC) solder metal layers. Several thermo compression bondings were carried out and fine-tune solder ball connections. Functionality was verified by electrical device measurements. To improve productivity, replacement of the Au stud bumps was demonstrated using wafer level ECP to make SnAg μbumps. The plating quality attained within 1 μm height uniformity inside a bonding chip area. SEM observation showed that connection of SnAg micro bump to Au-pad metal was realized.",
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    Gädda, A, Tuovinen, R, Rimminen, H, Lalu, S, Saarilahti, J & Kärkkäinen, A 2014, 3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor. in Proceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014., 6962737, IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014, Helsinki, Finland, 16/09/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/ESTC.2014.6962737

    3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor. / Gädda, Akiko; Tuovinen, Reijo; Rimminen, Henry; Lalu, Sinikka; Saarilahti, Jaakko; Kärkkäinen, Anu.

    Proceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2014. 6962737.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    Gädda A, Tuovinen R, Rimminen H, Lalu S, Saarilahti J, Kärkkäinen A. 3D flip chip packaging of MEMS sensor. In Proceedings of the 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, ESTC 2014. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2014. 6962737 https://doi.org/10.1109/ESTC.2014.6962737