3D-Printable Photochromic Molecular Materials for Reversible Information Storage

Dominic J. Wales, Qun Cao, Katharina Kastner, Erno Karjalainen, Graham N. Newton, Victor Sans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


The formulation of advanced molecular materials with bespoke polymeric ionic-liquid matrices that stabilize and solubilize hybrid organic–inorganic polyoxometalates and allow their processing by additive manufacturing, is effectively demonstrated. The unique photo and redox properties of nanostructured polyoxometalates are translated across the scales (from molecular design to functional materials) to yield macroscopic functional devices with reversible photochromism. These properties open a range of potential applications including reversible information storage based on controlled topological and temporal reduction/oxidation of pre-formed printed devices. This approach pushes the boundaries of 3D printing to the molecular limits, allowing the freedom of design enabled by 3D printing to be coupled with the molecular tuneability of polymerizable ionic liquids and the photoactivity and orbital engineering possible with hybrid polyoxometalates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800159
Pages (from-to)1800159
Number of pages1
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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