This article presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of edge-coupled 1D optical phased arrays (OPAs) combined with collimating lenses. Our concept was tested with two OPAs having different collimation ranges. Both OPA designs have 3-μm waveguide spacing and the maximum beam steering range is about 30° based on wavelength tuning around 1550 nm. The first generation had 37 channels with 108 μm of waveguide array width and the second generation had 512 channels with 1.5 mm array width. As the array outputs are edge coupled, suitable lenses are required to collimate the beam vertically. We report the comparison between a commercially available straight cylindrical lens and custom 3D printed curved cylindrical lenses. In the experiments, we demonstrate 1D beam steering of the light outcoupled from the waveguide facets and collimated by these lenses and analyzed parameters such as Rayleigh range and beam divergence. These parameters are estimated to be 9.9 mm and 7.0 mrad (0.4°), respectively, for the commercial lens, whereas 40.1 mm and 3.5 mrad (0.2°) for the dedicated 3D printed lens, showing a clear improvement.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 4 Apr 2023|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- optical phased array
- 3D printed lens
- silicon photonics