3D simulations of 3D silicon radiation detector structures

Juha Kalliopuska (Corresponding Author), Simo Eränen, Risto Orava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The simulations carried out in three dimensions (3D) are becoming important as more and more detector structures are fabricated beyond the traditional planar ones. A rectangular 3D detector structure is simulated using a finite-element (FE) simulation software ISE-TCAD. The basic characteristics of the detector structure simulated in two dimensions (2D) and 3D are compared in order to determine whether there are differences between the two approaches. Effects of the surface charge and surface recombination to the electrostatic potential, electric field, leakage current and capacitance are studied in detail. The 2D and 3D simulations give similar results on IV and CV characteristics when the surface effects are not included in the simulations. The presence of the surface charge at the silicon–oxide interface increases the leakage current while protecting the detector from the surface currents. It is shown that the vertical spacing of the grid below the surface is playing a critical role in the current results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-33
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume568
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event10th European Symposium on Semiconductor Detectors - Bavaria, Germany
Duration: 12 Jun 200516 Jun 2005

Fingerprint

silicon radiation detectors
Silicon detectors
Radiation detectors
Detectors
Surface charge
Leakage currents
simulation
detectors
leakage
Electrostatics
Capacitance
Electric fields
capacitance
grids
spacing
electrostatics
computer programs
electric fields

Keywords

  • 3D silicon detectors
  • 3D simulation
  • Surface effects
  • Current–voltage characteristics
  • Capacitance–voltage characteristics

Cite this

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title = "3D simulations of 3D silicon radiation detector structures",
abstract = "The simulations carried out in three dimensions (3D) are becoming important as more and more detector structures are fabricated beyond the traditional planar ones. A rectangular 3D detector structure is simulated using a finite-element (FE) simulation software ISE-TCAD. The basic characteristics of the detector structure simulated in two dimensions (2D) and 3D are compared in order to determine whether there are differences between the two approaches. Effects of the surface charge and surface recombination to the electrostatic potential, electric field, leakage current and capacitance are studied in detail. The 2D and 3D simulations give similar results on IV and CV characteristics when the surface effects are not included in the simulations. The presence of the surface charge at the silicon–oxide interface increases the leakage current while protecting the detector from the surface currents. It is shown that the vertical spacing of the grid below the surface is playing a critical role in the current results.",
keywords = "3D silicon detectors, 3D simulation, Surface effects, Current–voltage characteristics, Capacitance–voltage characteristics",
author = "Juha Kalliopuska and Simo Er{\"a}nen and Risto Orava",
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doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.015",
language = "English",
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journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
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}

3D simulations of 3D silicon radiation detector structures. / Kalliopuska, Juha (Corresponding Author); Eränen, Simo; Orava, Risto.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 568, No. 1, 2006, p. 27-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - 3D simulations of 3D silicon radiation detector structures

AU - Kalliopuska, Juha

AU - Eränen, Simo

AU - Orava, Risto

N1 - Project code: 1330

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The simulations carried out in three dimensions (3D) are becoming important as more and more detector structures are fabricated beyond the traditional planar ones. A rectangular 3D detector structure is simulated using a finite-element (FE) simulation software ISE-TCAD. The basic characteristics of the detector structure simulated in two dimensions (2D) and 3D are compared in order to determine whether there are differences between the two approaches. Effects of the surface charge and surface recombination to the electrostatic potential, electric field, leakage current and capacitance are studied in detail. The 2D and 3D simulations give similar results on IV and CV characteristics when the surface effects are not included in the simulations. The presence of the surface charge at the silicon–oxide interface increases the leakage current while protecting the detector from the surface currents. It is shown that the vertical spacing of the grid below the surface is playing a critical role in the current results.

AB - The simulations carried out in three dimensions (3D) are becoming important as more and more detector structures are fabricated beyond the traditional planar ones. A rectangular 3D detector structure is simulated using a finite-element (FE) simulation software ISE-TCAD. The basic characteristics of the detector structure simulated in two dimensions (2D) and 3D are compared in order to determine whether there are differences between the two approaches. Effects of the surface charge and surface recombination to the electrostatic potential, electric field, leakage current and capacitance are studied in detail. The 2D and 3D simulations give similar results on IV and CV characteristics when the surface effects are not included in the simulations. The presence of the surface charge at the silicon–oxide interface increases the leakage current while protecting the detector from the surface currents. It is shown that the vertical spacing of the grid below the surface is playing a critical role in the current results.

KW - 3D silicon detectors

KW - 3D simulation

KW - Surface effects

KW - Current–voltage characteristics

KW - Capacitance–voltage characteristics

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.015

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.015

M3 - Article

VL - 568

SP - 27

EP - 33

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 1

ER -