Find Research Outputs

1997
2 Citations (Scopus)

Theoretical studies on aerosol agglomeration processes: Dissertation

Lehtinen, K., 1997, Espoo: VTT. 45 p.

Research output: ThesisResearch

Open Access
agglomeration
aerosols
theses
reactor materials
coalescing
43 Citations (Scopus)

Thermal characterization of defects in building envelopes using long square pulse and slow thermal wave techniques

Vavilov, V., Kauppinen, T. & Grinzato, E., 1997, In : Research in Nondestructive Evaluation. 9, 4, p. 181 - 200 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

envelopes
Defects
defects
pulses
methodology

Thermal stability of biomass pyrolysis liquids: a new approach

Oasmaa, A., Leppämäki, E., Koponen, P., Levander, J. & Tapola, E., 1997, Proceedings Final Meeting of the Gasification Network: Biomass gasification and pyrolysis. Kaltschmitt, M. & Bridgwater, A. V. (eds.). p. 450 - 459

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsResearch

Thermodynamics of viscoplastic media with internal parameters

Kukudzhanov, V. & Santaoja, K., 1997, In : Mechanics of Solids. 32, 2, p. 96 - 104 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Thermomechanics of solid materials with application to the Gurson-Tvergaard material model

Santaoja, K., 1997, Espoo: VTT. 180 p. (VTT Publications; no. 312)

Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review

Mechanics
Constitutive equations
Plastic flow
Tensors
Plasticity
64 Citations (Scopus)

Thermoreversible gels of polyaniline: Viscoelastic and electrical evidence on fusible network structures

Vikki, T., Ruokolainen, J., Ikkala, O., Passiniemi, P., Isotalo, H., Torkkeli, M. & Serimaa, R., 1997, In : Macromolecules. 30, 14, p. 4064 - 4072 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

formic acid
Polyaniline
Gels
Formic acid
Gelation
105 Citations (Scopus)

The role of hemicelluloses in the hornification of bleached kraft pulps

Oksanen, T., Buchert, J. & Viikari, L., 1997, In : Holzforschung. 51, 4, p. 355 - 360 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Bleached pulp
Kraft pulp
Pulp
Fibers
Xylans
264 Citations (Scopus)

The roles and function of cellulose-binding domains

Linder, M. & Teeri, T., 1997, In : Journal of Biotechnology. 57, 1 - 3, p. 15 - 28 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Cellulose
Enzymes
Amino acids
Rigid structures
Chitin

The torque of mill drive shafts at a hot strip mill

Säynätjoki, M., Halme, J. & Pajukoski, M., 1997, COMADEM '97: 10th international congress and exhibition on condition monitoring and diagnostic engineering management. Espoo: VTT, Vol. 2. p. 390-399 (VTT Symposium; no. 172).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Thin multilayer CdS/ZnS films grown by SILAR technique

Valkonen, M., Lindroos, S., Kanniainen, T., Leskelä, M., Tapper, U. & Kauppinen, E., 1997, In : Applied Surface Science. 120, 1-2, p. 58 - 64 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Zinc sulfide
Cadmium sulfide
Multilayers
Adsorption
ITO glass
145 Citations (Scopus)

Thin polyaniline films in EMI shielding

Mäkelä, T., Pienimaa, S., Taka, T., Jussila, S. & Isotalo, H., 1997, In : Synthetic Metals. 85, 1-3, p. 1335 - 1336 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Polyaniline
Shielding
shielding
near fields
far fields
1 Citation (Scopus)

Three-dimensional gaseous transfer within cellular plastic insulation and its consequences

Youchen, F. & Kokko, E., 1997, In : Building Research and Information. 25, 1, p. 25 - 35 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Foamed plastics
Foams
Insulation
Facings
Thermal aging
59 Citations (Scopus)

Three-dimensional structures of three engineered cellulose-binding domains of cellobiohydrolase I from Trichoderma reesei

Mattinen, M-L., Kontteli, M., Kerovuo, J., Linder, M., Annila, A., Lindeberg, G., Reinikainen, T. & Drakenberg, T., 1997, In : Protein Science. 6, 2, p. 294 - 303 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase
Trichoderma
Cellulose
Circular Dichroism
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
11 Citations (Scopus)

Time-dependent reactor simulation by stationary state thermochemistry

Koukkari, P. & Niemelä, J., 1997, In : Computers and Chemical Engineering. 21, 3, p. 245 - 253 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Thermochemistry
Thermodynamics
Gibbs free energy
Reaction rates
Chemical reactors
18 Citations (Scopus)

Time-resolved frequency chirp measurement using a silicon-wafer etalon

Tammela, S., Ludvigsen, H., Kajava, T. & Kaivola, M., 1997, In : IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 9, 4, p. 475 - 477 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Discriminators
Optical communication
chirp
Silicon wafers
Light sources
153 Citations (Scopus)

Towards a standard methodology for greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems in comparison with fossil energy systems

Schlamadinger, B., Apps, M., Bohlin, F., Gustavsson, L., Jungmeier, G., Marland, G., Pingoud, K. & Savolainen, I., 1997, In : Biomass and Bioenergy. 13, 6, p. 359 - 375 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

bioenergy
greenhouse gases
Greenhouse gases
greenhouse gas
fossils
9 Citations (Scopus)

TPR and FT-IR studies on carbonyl cluster derived Co-Ru/SiO2 catalysts

Kiviaho, J., Niemelä, M., Reinikainen, M. & Pakkanen, T., 1997, In : Applied Catalysis A: General. 149, 2, p. 353 - 372 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Catalysts
Cobalt
Temperature
Catalyst selectivity
Silicon Dioxide
58 Citations (Scopus)

Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I with an endoglucanase cellulose-binding domain: Action on bacterial microcrystalline cellulose

Srisodsuk, M., Lehtiö, J., Linder, M., Margolles-Clark, E., Reinikainen, T. & Teeri, T., 1997, In : Journal of Biotechnology. 57, 1 - 3, p. 49 - 57 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase
Trichoderma
Cellulase
Cellulose
Enzymes
6 Citations (Scopus)

Trichoderma reesei sequences that bind to the nuclear matrix enhance transformation frequency

Belshaw, N. J., Hakola, S., Nevalainen, H., Penttilä, M., Suominen, P. & Archer, D. B., 3 Nov 1997, In : Molecular and General Genetics. 256, 1, p. 18-27 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Nuclear Matrix
Trichoderma
Matrix Attachment Regions
Plasmids
AT Rich Sequence

Tuotantojärjestelmän käyttövarmuuden ja kunnossapidon karkea analyysi

Rosqvist, T., Sarsama, J., Toola, A. & Rouhiainen, V., 1997, In : Kunnossapito. 11, 2, p. 36 - 39, 42

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Ultraäänikohinaan perustuva tarkka paikannuslaite

Kauppi, I., Lehtinen, H. & Järvelä, V-M., 1997, Automaatio 97: automaatio yli rajojen. Helsinki, 119

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsResearch

Positioning
Mm
13 Citations (Scopus)

Ultrafast relaxation dynamics in strain-induced quantum dots

Sandmann, J., Plessen, G. V., Feldmann, J., Hayes, G., Phillips, R., Lipsanen, H., Sopanen, M. & Ahopelto, J., 1997, In : Physica Status Solidi B: Basic Research. 204, 1, p. 251 - 254 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Semiconductor quantum dots
Photoluminescence
quantum dots
photoluminescence
Photoexcitation

Ultrasound as a tool for sterility testing of aseptic packages

Raaska, L., Alakomi, H-L., Jernström, B., Haggström, E., Luukkala, M. & Mattila-Sandholm, T., 1997, Biotechnology in the food chain: New tools and applications for future foods. Espoo: VTT, p. 258-258 (VTT Symposium; no. 177).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Use of 3-D product models in construction process automation

Vähä, P., Känsälä, K., Heikkilä, R. & Kaisto, I., 1997, In : Automation in Construction. 6, 2, p. 69 - 76 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Automation
Construction industry
Productivity
15 Citations (Scopus)

Use of acid-tolerant xylanase for bleaching of kraft pulps

Tenkanen, M., Viikari, L. & Buchert, J., 1997, In : Biotechnology Techniques. 11, 12, p. 935 - 938 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Kraft pulp
Bleaching
Metals
Acids
Aspergillus

Use of enzymes in frozen dough baking

Räsänen, J., Vaittinen, M., Laurikainen, T., Forssell, P., Poutanen, K. & Autio, K., 1997, Biotechnology in the food chain: New tools and applications for future foods. Espoo: VTT, p. 255-255 (VTT Symposium; no. 177).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Using artificial neural networks for classifying ICU patient states

Gils, M. V., Jansen, H., Nieminen, K., Summers, R. & Weller, P., 1997, In : IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine. 16, 6, p. 41 - 47 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Intensive care units
Neural networks
Self organizing maps
Backpropagation
Decision making

Using a TDI camera in vibration conditions with nonzero viewing angles for surface inspection

Miettinen, J. & Ailisto, H. J., 1 Dec 1997, New Image Processing Techniques and Applications: Algorithms, Methods, and Components II. Refregier, P. & Ahlers, R-J. (eds.). p. 111-118 8 p. (Proceedings of SPIE; vol. 3101).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

inspection
Time delay
time lag
Inspection
Cameras

Using TDI-camerawith non-zero viewing angles for surface inspection

Miettinen, J. & Ailisto, H., 1997, Optica Day '97. Tampere, Finland, 21 Feb. 1997: Proceedings. Tampere, 23. (Report / Tampere University of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Physics; no. 3-97).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Uskomuksia ydinvoimalaitoksissa suoritettavien tarkastusten luotettavuudesta

Kettunen, J., 1997, Helsinki: Säteilyturvakeskus STUK. 49 p. (STUK-YTO-TR; no. 121)

Research output: Book/ReportPublished reportResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)

Verification of the thermal design of electronic equipment

Hienonen, R., Karjalainen, M. & Lankinen, R., 1997, Espoo: VTT. 99 p. (VTT Publications; no. 320)

Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review

Open Access
Electronic equipment
Quality control
Industry
Packaging
Automation

Viisikymmentä vuotta tietopalvelua

Laitinen, S., 1997, In : Tiedokas. 4, 2, p. 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Open Access

Viisi tuhatta tutkimusjulkaisua 50 vuodessa VTT:n sarjoissa

Eskola, P., 1997, In : Tiedokas. 4, 2, p. 10-11

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Open Access

Virtual company - small companies gain competitive edge through networking

Kyrenius, P. & Hannula, H., 1997, Automation Technology Review 1997. Seppä, H. (ed.). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 88-98

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleResearch

Visibility of exit signs and low-location lighting in smoky conditions

Tuomisaari, M., 1997, Espoo: VTT. 32 p. (VTT Publications; no. 300)

Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review

Open Access
Visibility
Lighting
Light sources
Emergency lighting
Testing
16 Citations (Scopus)

Water distribution in frozen lean wheat doughs

Räsänen, J., Blanshard, J., Siitari-Kauppi, M. & Autio, K., 1997, In : Cereal Chemistry. 74, 6, p. 806 - 813 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

water distribution
dough
Water content
Triticum
frozen storage
10 Citations (Scopus)

Waveguide zeeman interferometry for thinfilm chemical sensors

Grace, K., Shrouf, K., Honkanen, S., Äyräs, P., Katila, P., Leppihalme, M., Johnson, R., Yang, X., Swanson, B. & Peyghambarian, N., 1997, In : Electronics Letters. 33, 19, p. 1651-1653

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Chemical sensors
Interferometry
Toluene
Waveguides
Vapors
5 Citations (Scopus)

Wet refinement of dry etched trenches in silicon

Kattelus, H., 1997, In : Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 144, 9, p. 3188 - 3191 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Sulfur Hexafluoride
Ammonium Hydroxide
Sulfur hexafluoride
Ammonium hydroxide
Barreling
50 Citations (Scopus)

Why has Latour's theory of citations been ignored by the bibliometric community? Discussion of sociological interpretations of citation analysis

Luukkonen, T., 1997, In : Scientometrics. 38, 1, p. 27 - 37 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

interpretation
community
sociological theory
lack
science
1 Citation (Scopus)

Wigner-function modeling of mesoscopic semiconductor devices

Taskinen, K., Majamaa, T. & Kuivalainen, P., 1997, In : Physica Scripta. T69, p. 298 - 301 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Quantum Interference
resonant tunneling diodes
Wigner Function
Semiconductor Devices
semiconductor devices
31 Citations (Scopus)

Windrow composting of biodegradable packaging materials

Itävaara, M., Vikman, M. & Venelampi, O., 1997, In : Compost Science and Utilization. 5, 2, p. 84 - 92 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

windrow composting
packaging materials
composting
compost
steel
1996

1.8 GHz current-controlled oscillator IC implemented by using integrated inductors and 0.8 /spl mu/m BiCMos technology

Tarvainen, E., Ronkainen, H., Kattelus, H., Riihisaari, T. & Kuivalainen, P., 1996, In : Electronics Letters. 32, 16, p. 1465-1467 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Bipolar transistors
Phase noise
Energy dissipation
Capacitors
Tuning
1 Citation (Scopus)

1.8 GHz current-controlled oscillator IC implemented by using integrated inductors and 0.8 µm BiCMOS technology

Tarvainen, E., Ronkainen, H., Kattelus, H., Riihisaari, T. & Kuivalainen, P., 1996, In : Electronics Letters. 32, 16, p. 1465-1467 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

BiCMOS technology
Bipolar transistors
Phase noise
Energy dissipation
Capacitors

3D measurement controlled by a cad model-based measurement planning and vision system

Ailistö, H., Mitikka, R., Moring, I., Jokinen, H. & Kaisto, I., 1 Jan 1996, In : International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence. 10, 2, p. 151-164 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Planning
Robots
Computer aided design
Range finders
Industrial applications

3D measurement controlled by a CAD model-based measurement planning and vision system

Ailisto, H., Mitikka, R., Moring, I., Jokinen, H. & Kaisto, I., 1996, Machine vision for advanced production. Pietikäinen, M. & Pau, L-F. (eds.). World Scientific Publishing, p. 151-164 (Series in Machine Perception and Artificial Intelligence; vol. 22).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

4-O-Methyl-beta-L-idopyranosyluronic acid linked to xylan from kraft pulp: Isolation procedure and characterisation by NMR spectroscopy

Teleman, A., Siika-aho, M., Sorsa, H., Buchert, J., Perttula, M., Hausalo, T. & Tenkanen, M., 1996, In : Carbohydrate Research. 293, 1, p. 1-13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Xylans
Kraft pulp
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Betula

A 1.8 T Permanent Magnet Wiggler for MAX-lab

Ahola, H., Meinander, T., Ryynänen, M. & Tahvanainen, J., 1996, In : IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 32, 4, p. 2703-2706 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Storage rings
Permanent magnets
X rays
Particle accelerators
Poles
144 Citations (Scopus)

Acetaldehyde mediates the synchronization of sustained glycolytic oscillations in populations of yeast cells

Richard, P., Bakker, B. M., Teusink, B., Van Dam, K. & Westerhoff, H. V., 1 Jan 1996, In : European Journal of Biochemistry. 235, 1-2, p. 238-241 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Acetaldehyde
Yeast
Synchronization
Yeasts
Cells
90 Citations (Scopus)

Acetyl xylan esterase from Trichoderma reesei contains an active-site serine residue and a cellulose-binding domain

Margolles-Clark, E., Tenkanen, M., Söderlund, H. & Penttilä, M., 1 Jan 1996, In : European Journal of Biochemistry. 237, 3, p. 553-560 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

acetylxylan esterase
Trichoderma
Cellulose
Serine
Catalytic Domain