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    BA2501 Reactor physics
Showing results for asdex OR jet OR tokamak OR nbi OR ITER OR divertor OR serpent as a concept
2016
30 Citations (Scopus)

Overview of methodology for spatial homogenization in the Serpent 2 Monte Carlo code

Leppänen, J., Pusa, M. & Fridman, E., 2016, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 96, p. 126-136

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Parameterization
Neutrons
Simulators
Scattering
Defects
8 Citations (Scopus)

Plasma cleaning of beryllium coated mirrors

Moser, L., Marot, L., Steiner, R., Newman, M., Widdowson, A., Ivanova, D., Likonen, J., Petersson, P., Pintsuk, G., Rubel, M., Meyer, E. & Contributors, JET., 2016, In : Physica Scripta. 2016, T167, 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Cleaning
Reflectivity
beryllium
cleaning
Mirror

Preparation of exploitation of medium-size tokamaks under European roadmap for the realization of fusion energy

Turnyanskiy, M., Beurskens, M., Burckart, A., Coda, S., Cecconello, M., Crombe, K., Komm, M., Donne, T., Eich, T., Esposito, B., Felici, F., Garsia-Munoz, M., Hakola, A., Litaudon, X., Martin, P., Mayoral, M. L., Mcdonald, D. C., Mlynar, J., Meyer, H., Neu, R. & 5 others, Piovisan, P., Reimerdes, H., Romanelli, F., Scannell, R. & Tudisco, O., 2016, 43rd European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics, EPS 2016. European Physical Society

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Recalculating the steady state conditions of the V-1000 zero-power facility at Kurchatov institute using Monte Carlo and nodal diffusion

Sahlberg, V., 2016, 26th Symposium of AER on VVER Reactor Physics and Reactor Safety (2016, Helsinki, Finland) : Proceedings. p. 485-437

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

reflectors
test facilities
rods
reactor physics
control rods

Serpent Monte Carlo -reaktorifysiikkakoodin kehitys

Leppänen, J., 2016, In : ATS Ydintekniikka. 45, 3, p. 65-69

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

5 Citations (Scopus)

Studies of Be migration in the JET tokamak using AMS with 10Be marker

Bykov, I., Bergsåker, H., Possnert, G., Zhou, Y., Heinola, K., Pettersson, J., Conroy, S., Likonen, J., Petersson, P. & Widdowson, A., 15 Mar 2016, In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 371, p. 370-375 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

tiles
Tile
markers
Particle accelerators
Mass spectrometry

TBM torque scaling with βN in DIII-D

Salmi, A., Lancot, M., Logan, N. C., Tala, T., Degrassie, J. S., Grierson, B. A., Paz-Soldan, C. & Solomon, W. M., 1 Jan 2016, 43rd European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics, EPS 2016. European Physical Society

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

blankets
torque
modules
scaling
plasma pressure

Thermo-mechanical properties of W/Mo markers coatings deposited on bulk W

Grigore, E., Ruset, C., Gherendi, M., Chioibasu, D. & Hakola, A., 25 Jan 2016, In : Physica Scripta. 2016, T167, 014028.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

markers
Mechanical Properties
Coating
mechanical properties
coatings
6 Citations (Scopus)

Tritium distributions on tungsten and carbon tiles used in the JET divertor

Hatano, Y., Yumizuru, K., Likonen, J., Koivuranta, S. & Ikonen, J., 2016, In : Physica Scripta. 2016, T167, 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

tiles
Tile
tritium
Carbon
tungsten
4 Citations (Scopus)

Tritium retention measurements by accelerator mass spectrometry and full combustion of W-coated and uncoated CFC tiles from the JET divertor

Stan-Sion, C., Bekris, N., Kizane, G., Enachescu, M., Likonen, J., Halitovs, M., Petre, A. & contributors, JET., 2016, In : Nuclear Fusion. 56, 4

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

fiber composites
tiles
tritium
carbon fibers
accelerators
1 Citation (Scopus)

Validating the Serpent Model of FiR 1 Triga Mk-II Reactor by Means of Reactor Dosimetry

Viitanen, T. & Leppänen, J., 2016, In : EPJ Web of Conferences. p. 8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
estimators
dosimeters
reactors
reaction kinetics
reactor physics
12 Citations (Scopus)

Validation of the Serpent-ARES code sequence using the MIT BEAVRS benchmark: HFP conditions and fuel cycle 1 simulations

Leppänen, J. & Mattila, R., 2016, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 96, p. 324-331

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Monte Carlo methods
Simulators
Specifications
2015
7 Citations (Scopus)

2D tritium distribution on tungsten tiles used in JET ITER-like wall project

Hatano, Y., Widdowson, A., Bekris, N., Ayres, C., Baron-Wiechec, A., Likonen, J., Koivuranta, S., Ikonen, J., Yumizuru, K. & contributors, JET-EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 966-969

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Tungsten
Tritium
tiles
Tile
tritium
65 Citations (Scopus)

A collision history-based approach to sensitivity/perturbation calculations in the continuous energy Monte Carlo code SERPENT

Aufiero, M., Bidaud, A., Hursin, M., Leppänen, J., Palmiotti, G., Pelloni, S. & Rubiolo, P., 2015, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 85, p. 245-258

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Kinetic parameters
Reaction rates
Scattering
76 Citations (Scopus)

Advances in the Physics Basis for the European DEMO Design

Wenninger, R., Arbeiter, F., Aubert, J., Aho-Mantila, L., Albanese, R., Ambrosino, R., Angioni, C., Artaud, J. F., Bernert, M., Fable, E., Fasoli, A., Federici, G., Garcia, J., Giruzzi, G., Jenko, F., Maget, P., Mattei, M., Maviglia, F., Poli, E., Ramogida, G. & 6 others, Reux, C., Schneider, M., Sieglin, B., Villone, F., Wischmeier, M. & Zohm, H., 30 Apr 2015, In : Nuclear Fusion. 55, 6, 063003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
fusion
power reactors
physics
heating
interactions

Analyzing the statistics of group constants generated by Serpent 2 Monte Carlo code

Kaltiaisenaho, T. & Leppänen, J., 2015, Proceedings of the International Conference on the Physics of Reactors: PHYSOR 2014. Vol. JAEA-Conf 2014-003. 9 p. 1106126

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
12 Citations (Scopus)

Applicability of LIBS for in situ monitoring of deposition and retention on the ITER-like wall of JET: Comparison to SIMS

Karhunen, J., Hakola, A., Likonen, J., Lissovski, A., Laan, M., Paris, P. & Contributors, JET. EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 931-935

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
secondary ion mass spectrometry
Deuterium

Assessment of scrape-off layer simulations with drifts against L-mode experiments in ASDEX upgrade and JET

Aho-Mantila, L., Conway, G., Müller, H. W., Potzel, S., Coster, D., Wischmeier, M., Meigs, A. & Stamp, M., 2015, 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference: Programme, Book of Abstracts, and Linked Contributions. International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, p. TH/3-3 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Open Access
inoculation
simulation
ions
refueling
recycling

Association Euratom-Tekes: Final summary report 2007-2013

Airila, M. & Tala, T., 2015, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 29 p. (VTT Technology; No. 214).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access
physics
fusion
power plants
vessels
education
38 Citations (Scopus)

Beryllium migration in JET ITER-like wall plasmas

Brezinsek, S., Widdowson, A., Mayer, M., Philipps, V., Baron-Wiechec, P., Coenen, J. W., Heinola, K., Huber, A., Likonen, J., Petersson, P., Rubel, M., Stamp, M. F., Borodin, D., Coad, J. P., Carrasco, A. G., Kirschner, A., Krat, S., Krieger, K., Lipschultz, B., Linsmeier, C. & 3 others, Matthews, G. F., Schmid, K. & contributors, JET., 2015, In : Nuclear Fusion. 55, 6, 10 p., 063021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
beryllium
erosion
sputtering
configurations
impurities
6 Citations (Scopus)

CAD-based geometry type in serpent 2-application in fusion neutronics

Leppänen, J., 2015, Mathematics and Computations, Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo International Conference . Curran Associates Inc., p. 1635-1646

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Computer aided design
Fusion reactions
Geometry
Fusion reactors
Demonstrations
21 Citations (Scopus)

Co-deposited layers in the divertor region of JET-ILW

Petersson, P., Rubel, M., Esser, H. G., Likonen, J., Koivuranta, S., Widdowson, A. & Contributores, JET-EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 814-817

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Tungsten
Beryllium
tungsten
Nitrogen
tiles
5 Citations (Scopus)

Density limit of H-mode plasmas on JET-ILW

Huber, A., Brezinsek, S., Sergienko, G., Groth, M., de Vries, P. C., Aho-Mantila, L., Arnoux, G., Bernert, M., Beurskens, M. N. A., Calabro, G., Clever, M., Esser, H. G., Guillemaut, C., Jachmich, S., Järvinen, A., Linsmeier, C., Matthews, G. F., Meigs, A. G., Mertens, P., Philipps, V. & 4 others, Stamp, M., Wischmeier, M., Wiesen, S. & contributors, JET-EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 445-449

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Plasma confinement
Plasma density
Carbon
Plasmas
Heating

Development of an unstructured mesh based geometry model in the Serpent 2 Monte Carlo code

Leppänen, J. & Aufiero, M., 2015, Proceedings of the international conference on physics of reactors: PHYSOR2014. Vol. JAEA-Conf 2014-003. p. 10 1101586

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
15 Citations (Scopus)

Development of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy for studying erosion, deposition, and fuel retention in ASDEX Upgrade

Paris, P., Piip, K., Hakola, A., Laan, M., Aints, M., Koivuranta, S., Likonen, J., Lissovski, A., Mayer, M., Neu, R., Rohde, V., Sugiyama, K. & Team, ASDEX. U., 2015, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 98-99, p. 1349-1352

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
Erosion
Fusion reactors
Tile
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
1 Citation (Scopus)

Dimensionless collisionality scans for core particle transport in JET

Tala, T., Mantica, P., Salmi, A., Bourdelle, C., Giroud, C., Hillesheim, J., Maggi, C., Meneses, L., Maslov, M., Menmuir, S., Moradi, S., Mordijck, S., Naulin, V., Nordman, H., Rasmussen, J. J., Sips, G., Sirinelli, A., Tsalas, M. & Weisen, H., 1 Jan 2015.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

refueling
plasma density
1 Citation (Scopus)

Effect of the Target Motion Sampling temperature treatment method on the statistics and performance

Viitanen, T. & Leppänen, J., 2015, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 82, p. 217-225

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Statistics
Sampling
Reaction rates
Temperature
Program processors

Efficiency of surface shaping for protection of leading edges in the divertor of ASDEX Upgrade from direct plasma exposure

Krieger, K., Coenen, J. W., Brida, D., Gao, Y., Gunn, J. P., Hakola, A., Herrmann, A., Lunt, T. & Potzel, S., 2015, 42nd European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics: EPS 2015. European Physical Society, 4 p. (Europhysics Conference Abstracts, Vol. 39E).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Erosion of tungsten and steel in the main chamber of ASDEX Upgrade

Hakola, A., Koivuranta, S., Likonen, S., Herrmann, A., Maier, H., Mayer, M., Neu, R., Rohde, V. & Team, ASDEX. U., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 162-165

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Tungsten
Steel
erosion
Erosion
tungsten
47 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental validation of a filament transport model in turbulent magnetized plasmas

Carralero, D., Manz, P., Aho-Mantila, L., Birkenmeier, G., Brix, M., Groth, M., Müller, H. W., Stroth, U., Vianello, N. & Wolfrun, E., 2015, In : Physical Review Letters. 115, 21, 5 p., 215002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

filaments
fusion
flux (rate)
closures
conservation
5 Citations (Scopus)

Feasibility of arc-discharge and plasma-sputtering methods in cleaning plasma-facing and diagnostics components of fusion reactors

Hakola, A., Likonen, J., Karhunen, J., Korhonen, J. T., Aints, M., Laan, M., Paris, P., Kolehmainen, J., Koskinen, M. & Tervakangas, S., 2015, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 96-97, p. 101-106

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Plasma diagnostics
Facings
Fusion reactors
Sputtering
Cleaning
28 Downloads (Pure)

FINIX - Fuel behavior model and interface for multiphysics applications: Code documentation for version 0.15.12

Ikonen, T., Kättö, J. & Loukusa, H., 2015, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 144 p. (VTT Research Report; No. VTT-R-05887-15).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access
File
Materials properties
Experimental reactors
Coolants
Plasticity
Physics

FINIX - Fuel behavior model and interface for multiphysics applications: Code documentation for version 0.15.6

Ikonen, T., Kättö, J. & Loukusa, H., 2015, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 121 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-02988-15).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access
Experimental reactors
Coolants
Data structures
Materials properties
Physics

FinnFusion Yearbook 2014

Airila, M. (ed.) & Hakola, A. (ed.), 2015, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 83 p. (VTT Science; No. 91).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access
modeling
power plant
energetics
student
education

First principle numerical simulations of the SOL in ASDEX Upgrade

Nielsen, A. H., Aho-Mantila, L., Madsen, J., Müller, H. W., Vianello, N., Radhakrishnan, H., Signoret, J., Wischmeier, M., Sieglin, B., Carralero, D., Birkenmeier, G., Coelho, R., Rasmussen, J. J., Naulin, V., Løiten, M., Tophøj, L., Schrittwieser, R. & Costea, S., 2015, 42nd European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics : EPS 2015. European Physical Society, 4 p. (Europhysics Conference Abstracts, Vol. 39E).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Fuel retention in JET ITER-Like Wall from post-mortem analysis

Heinola, K., Widdowson, A., Likonen, J., Alves, E., Baron-Wiechec, A., Barradas, N., Brzinsek, S., Catarino, N., Coad, P., Koivuranta, S., Matthews, G. F., Mayer, M., Petersson, P. & Contributors, JET-EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 961-965

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Tile
tiles
Deuterium
Limiters
Ion beams
29 Citations (Scopus)

Global erosion and deposition patterns in JET with the ITER-like wall

Baron-Wiechecc, A., Widdowson, A., Alves, E., Ayres, C. F., Barradas, N. P., Brezinsek, S., Coad, J. P., Catarino, N., Heinola, K., Likonen, J., Matthews, G. F., Mayer, M., Petersson, P., Rubel, M., van Renterghem, W., Uytdenhouwen, I. & Contributors, JET. EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 157-161

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Limiters
tiles
Tile
erosion
Erosion

Influence of toroidal field ripple and resonant magnetic perturbations on global 13C transport in ASDEX Upgrade

Miettunen, J., Airila, M. I., Groth, M., Lindholm, V., Makkonen, T. & Äkäslompolo, S., 22 Jul 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 459-462 4 p., 48592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

ripples
perturbation
tracers
vessels
periodic variations
11 Citations (Scopus)

Interpretation of radiative divertor studies with impurity seeding in type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas in JET-ILW using EDGE2D-EIRENE

Järvinen, A. E., Groth, M., Airila, M., Belo, P., Beurskens, M., Brezinsek, S., Clever, M., Corrigan, G., Devaux, S., Drewelow, P., Eich, T., Giroud, C., Harting, D., Huber, A., Jachmich, S., Lawson, K., Lipschultz, B., Maddison, G., Maggi, C., Makkonen, T. & 9 others, Marchetto, C., Marsen, S., Matthews, G. F., Meigs, A. G., Moulton, D., Stamp, M. F., Wiesen, S., Wischmeier, M. & JET-EFDA collaborators, 22 Jul 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 135-142 8 p., 48544.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

inoculation
Impurities
Plasmas
Radiation
Nitrogen
3 Citations (Scopus)

Materials migration in JET with ITER-like wall traced with a 10 Be isotopic marker

Bykov, I., Bergsåker, H., Possnert, G., Heinola, K., Miettunen, J., Groth, M., Petersson, P., Widdowson, A., Likonen, J. & contributors, JET. EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 773-776

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

markers
Beryllium
Limiters
Tile
Particle accelerators
3 Citations (Scopus)

Measurement of dust conversion factor for the JET carbon divertor phases

Likonen, J., Coad, J. P., Hakola, A., Karhunen, J., Koivuranta, S., Pitts, R., Widdowson, A. M. & contributors, JET., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 842-846

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

tiles
Dust
Tile
Carbon
dust

Measuring intrinsic rotation in the JET tokamak

Nave, M. F. F., Coelho, R., Czarnecka, A., Ferreira, J., Giroud, C., Hillesheim, J., Parail, V., Salmi, A. & Zastrow, K-D., 2015, 42nd European Physical Society Conference on Plasma Physics: EPS 2015. European Physical Society, 4 p. (Europhysics Conference Abstracts, Vol. 39E).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Microscopically nonuniform deposition and deuterium retention in the divertor in JET with ITER-like wall

Bergsåker, H., Bykov, I., Petersson, P., Possnert, G., Likonen, J., Koivuranta, S., Coad, J. P., van Renterghem, W., Uytdenhouwen, I., Widdowson, A. M. & Contributors, JET. EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 956-960

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Deuterium
deuterium
Impurities
Beryllium
impurities
6 Citations (Scopus)

Model-based radiation scalings for the ITER-like divertors of JET and ASDEX Upgrade

Aho-Mantila, L., Bonnin, X., Coster, D. P., Lowry, C., Wischmeier, M., Brezinsek, S., Federici, G., Team, ASDEX. U. & Contributors, JET-EFDA., 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 546-550

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

scaling
Radiation
Scaling laws
radiation
inoculation
8 Citations (Scopus)

Modeling of realistic pebble bed reactor geometries using the Serpent Monte Carlo code

Rintala, V., Suikkanen, H., Leppänen, J. & Kyrki-Rajamäki, R., 2015, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 77, p. 223-230

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Pebble bed reactors
Geometry
Finite difference method
Neutrons
High temperature reactors
19 Citations (Scopus)

Modelling of the material transport and layer formation in the divertor of JET: Comparison of ITER-like wall with full carbon wall conditions

Kirschner, A., Matveev, D., Borodin, D., Airila, M., Brezinsek, S., Groth, M., Wiesen, S., Widdowson, A., Beal, J., Esser, H. G., Likonen, J., Bekris, N. & Ding, R., 22 Jul 2015, In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 463, p. 116-122 7 p., 48569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Beryllium
Tungsten
beryllium
tungsten
Carbon
8 Citations (Scopus)

Module for thermomechanical modeling of LWR fuel in multiphysics simulations

Ikonen, T., Loukusa, H., Syrjälahti, E., Valtavirta, V., Leppänen, J. & Tulkki, V., 2015, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 84, p. 111-121

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Hydraulics
Steam piping systems
Coolants
Heat flux
Temperature distribution
8 Citations (Scopus)

Monte Carlo current-based diffusion coefficients: Application to few-group constants generation in Serpent

Dorval, E. & Leppänen, J., 2015, In : Annals of Nuclear Energy. 78, p. 104-116

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Sodium
Reactor cores
Fast reactors
Neutrons
Monte Carlo methods

Multiphysics simulation of fast transients with the FINIX fuel behaviour module

Ikonen, T., Syrjälahti, E., Valtavirta, V., Loukusa, H., Leppänen, J. & Tulkki, V., 2015, TopFuel 2015 Conference Proceedings, Part I. European Nuclear Society, p. 572-581

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Physics
Control rods
Accidents
Hydraulics
Feedback

Multiphysics simulations of fast transients in VVER-1000 and VVER-440 reactors

Syrjälahti, E., Valtavirta, V., Kättö, J., Loukusa, H., Ikonen, T., Leppänen, J. & Tulkki, V., 2015, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on WWER Fuel Performance, Modeling and Experimental Support. State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety SSTC NRS, 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Open Access
Physics
Control rods
Accidents
Hydraulics
Feedback