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1997

Catalytic upgrading of gas from biomass and implementation of electricity production

Simell, P., 1997, Liekki 2 Vuosikirja 1997: Projektiraportit. Hupa, M., Matinlinna, J. & Ljung, M. (eds.). Turku: Åbo Akademi, Vol. 1. p. 405-418 (Liekki 2: Poltto- ja kaasutustekniikan tutkimusohjelma; No. 216).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

cDNA cloning of a Trichoderma reesei cellulase and demonstration of endoglucanase activity by expression in yeast

Saloheimo, M., Nakari-Setälä, T., Tenkanen, M. & Penttilä, M., 1997, In : FEBS Journal. 249, 2, p. 584-591

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
155 Citations (Scopus)

CD profile measurements and paper runnability

Kaljunen, T., Parola, M. & Linna, H., 1997, New measurements, challenges and visions: Cross directional web measurements, controls and actuator systems in paper machines. Halttunen, J., Nyberg, T. R. & Ritala, R. K. (eds.). Helsinki: Finnish Society of Automation, Vol. 10B. p. 8-13 (Acta IMEKO, Vol. 14).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

CEA-Grenoblessa otetaan onnettomuudet vakavasti

Puska, E-K., 1997, In : ATS Ydintekniikka. 26, 4, 21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Cellulose fibre concrete

Vares, S., Sarvaranta, L. & Lanu, M., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 102 p. (VTT Publications; No. 296).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Challenges to IS quality

Dahlberg, T. & Järvinen, J., 1997, In : Information and Software Technology. 39, 12, p. 809 - 818 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Changes in wheat micro structure following in vitro digestion

Parkkonen, T., Tervilä-Wilo, A., Hopeakoski-Nurminen, M., Morgan, A., Poutanen, K. & Autio, K., 1997, In : Acta agriculturæ Scandinavica Section B: Soil and plant science. 47, 1, p. 43 - 47 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Characterisation of surfaces using the contact electric resistance technique

Laitinen, T. & Saario, T., 1997. 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference AbstractScientific

Characteristics of earth faults in power systems with a compensated or an unearthed neutral

Hänninen, S., Lehtonen, M., Hakola, T., Antila, E., Ström, J. & Ingman, S., 1997, CIRED - 14th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution: Contributions: Disturbances and Overvoltages. London, Vol. 2. 5 p. 2.16. (IEE Conference Publication, Vol. 438).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of GOMOS CCD detectors

Astola, H., Ahola, K., Graeffe, J., Holmlund, C., Rainio, K. & Saari, H., 1997, VI Suomen avaruustutkijoiden Cospar-kokous: Tiivistelmät. Laajavuori, E. & Torsti, J. (eds.). Turku: University of Turku, 1 p. (University of Turku: Department of Physical Sciences. Report L, Vol. 23).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Characterization of mechanical pulp fines by image analysis

Luukko, K., Kemppainen-Kajola, P. & Paulapuro, H., 1997, In : Appita Journal. 50, 5, p. 387 - 392 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of new fuel qualities. Final report: IEA Alternative Motor Fuels, Annex X

Aakko-Saksa, P. & Nylund, N-O., 1997, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 92 p. (VTT Energy. Research Report; No. ENE24/21/97).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Characterization of poly(thiophene-3-methanol)by the in situ Contact Electric Resistance (CER)technique

Lankinen, E., Talonen, P., Sundholm, G., Laitinen, T. & Saario, T., 1997, The 1997 Joint International Meeting: 192nd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Inc. and 48th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry: Meeting Abstracts. Pennington: Electrochemical Society ECS, 1495. (Electrochemical Society Meeting Abstracts; No. 2, Vol. 1997).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Characterization of the joint surface

Vuopio, J. & Pöllä, J., 1997, Helsinki: Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK. 31 p. (STUK-YTO-TR; No. 138).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Characterization of transgenic plants derived from hairy roots of Hyoscyamus muticus

Sevón, N., Dräger, B., Hiltunen, R. & Oksman-Caldentey, K. M., 1 Jun 1997, In : Plant Cell Reports. 16, 9, p. 605-611 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of uronic acids during kraft and superbatch pulping

Buchert, J., Laine, J., Tenkanen, M., Vuorinen, T. & Viikari, L., 1997, 9th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry (ISWPC), Montreal, CA, 9 - 12 June 1997. Montreal: Canadian Pulp and Paper Association - CPPA, 3 p. M3

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

6 Citations (Scopus)

Choice of constants of motion coordinates in numerical solving of the three-dimensional Fokker-Planck equation for tokamaks

Kiviniemi, T. & Heikkinen, J., 1997, In : Computer Physics Communications. 107, 1-3, p. 149-154

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Cleaning of biomass derived product gas for engine applications and for co-firing in PC-boilers.

Kurkela, E. & Ståhlberg, P., 1997, Liekki 2 Vuosikirja 1997: Projektiraportit. Hupa, M., Matinlinna, J. & Ljung, M. (eds.). Turku: Åbo Akademi, Vol. 2. p. 561-576 (Liekki 2: Poltto- ja kaasutustekniikan tutkimusohjelma; No. 318).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

CO2-poistoteknologia

Kara, M. & Pipatti, R., 1997, In : Ilmansuojelu. 2, p. 28-33

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Coatings tribology - contact mechanisms and surface design

Holmberg, K., Matthews, A. & Ronkainen, H., 1997, Abstracts of papers from World Tribology Congress . London: Institution of mechanical engineers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

CO hydrogenation activity of carbonyl cluster derived Co-Ru/SiO2 catalysts prepared by reflux method

Reinikainen, M., Kiviaho, J., Kröger, M., Niemelä, M. & Jääskeläinen, S., 1997, In : Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. 118, 1, p. 137 - 144 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Collecting EEG signals in the IMPROVE data library

Thomsen, C., Grade, J., Nieminen, K., Langford, R., Ghosh, R., Jensen, K., van Gils, M., Rosenfalck, A., Prior, P. & White, S., 1997, In : IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine. 16, 6, p. 33-40

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

COMADEM '97: 10th international congress and exhibition on condition monitoring and diagnostic engineering management. Vol. 1

Jantunen, E. (ed.), Holmberg, K. (ed.) & Rao, R. B. K. N. (ed.), 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 553 p. (VTT Symposium; No. 171).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

COMADEM '97: 10th international congress and exhibition on condition monitoring and diagnostic engineering management. Vol. 2

Jantunen, E. (ed.), Holmberg, K. (ed.) & Rao, R. B. K. N. (ed.), 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 602 p. (VTT Symposium; No. 172).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Combination of in situ FTIR spectroscopy and the Contact Electric Resistance technique to characterize the passivation of Pb in sulphuric acid

Trettenhahn, G., Neckel, A., Laitinen, T. & Saario, T., 1997, The 1997 Joint International Meeting: 192nd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society and 48th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry: Meeting Abstracts. Pennington: Electrochemical Society ECS, 1019. (Electrochemical Society Meeting Abstracts; No. 2, Vol. 1997).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Combination of overall reaction rate with Gibbs energy minimization

Koukkari, P., Laukkanen, I. & Liukkonen, S., 1997, In : Fluid Phase Equilibria. 136, 1-2, p. 345 - 362 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Combination of the overall reaction rate with the multicomponent thermodynamic calculation

Laukkanen, I. & Koukkari, P., 1997, 3rd Nordic Symposium on Reactive Separation Systems. Espoo, 16 - 17 June 1997. Nordic Energy Research Program. p. 38-47

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Combustion of polymeric materials

Elomaa, M., Sarvaranta, L., Mikkola, E., Kallonen, R., Zitting, A., Zevenhoven, C. & Hupa, M., 1997, In : Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry. 27, 3, p. 137-197

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Communication and cooperation in a virtual design space

Kuutti, K., Tuikka, T., Kerttula, M., Pulli, P., Salmela, M. & Lehtonen, J., 1997, PICMET'97: CD-ROM. 112

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Comparison of Al0.51In0.49P and Ga0.51In0.49P window layers for GaAs and GaInAsP solar cells

Jaakkola, R., Lammasniemi, J., Kazantsev, A. B. & Tappura, K., 1997, Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE 26th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, p. 891-894

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of different methods for the determination of volatile organic compounds in water samples

Ketola, R., Virkki, V., Ojala, M., Komppa, V. & Kotiaho, T., 1997, In : Talanta. 44, 3, p. 373-382

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of national standards of Russia and Finland for the unit of length

Abramova, L. Y., Baratov, V. M., Fedorin, V. L., Khavinson, L. F., Latysheva, E. I., Riski, K., Ikonen, E. & Lassila, A., 1 Jan 1997, In : Measurement Techniques. 40, 3, p. 289-293 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Comparison of the adsorption properties of a single-chain antibody fragment fused to a fungal or bacterial cellulose-binding domain

Reinikainen, T., Takkinen, K. & Teeri, T., 1997, In : Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 20, 2, p. 143 - 149 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of the lethal effects of different actinomycins on a repair-deficient strain of Escherichia coli

Holmalahti, J., Santa, H., Laatsch, H. & von Wright, A., 1997, In : Mutation Research: Fundamental and molecular mechanisms of mutagenesis. 391, 1-2, p. 33-38

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Compatibilized polyamide/ultra high molecular weight polyethylene blends

Qiu, C-H., Komppa, V. & Sivola, A., 1997, In : Polymers and Polymer Composites. 5, 6, p. 1-8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Composition and microstructure of waxy, normal and high amylose barley samples

Oscarsson, M., Parkkonen, T., Autio, K. & Åman, P., 1997, In : Journal of Cereal Science. 26, 2, p. 259-264

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Comprehensive failure analysis (kokonaisvaltainen vaurioanalyysi)

Säynätjoki, M. & Andersson, P., 1997, Käyttövarmuus kilpailutekijänä. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 93-106 (VTT Symposium; No. 175).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Computational comparison of AC losses in different kinds of HTS composite conductors

Paasi, J. & Lahtinen, M., 1 Dec 1997, In : IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 7, 2 PART 1, p. 322-325 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Computerized blood center information system

Koskivirta, M., 1997, In : ERCIM News. 29, p. 11-12

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Concentration dependent and independent Si diffusion in ion-implanted GaAs

Ahlgren, T., Likonen, J., Slotte, J., Räisänen, J., Rajatora, M. & Keinonen, J., 1997, In : Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 56, 8, p. 4597-4603 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Conceptual modelling of a Concurrent Engineering environment

Turk, Z., Wasserfuhr, R., Katranuschkov, P., Amor, R., Hannus, M. & Scherer, R., 1997, Concurrent Engineering in Construction CEC '97: Papers presented at the 1st International Conference. Anumba, C. J. (ed.). London: Institution of Structural Engineers, p. 195-205

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access

Conformational study of glyoxal bis(amidinohydrazone) by ab initio methods

Mannfors, B., Koskinen, J. & Pietilä, L-O., 1997, In : Journal of Molecular Structure. 415, 1-2, p. 135-151

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Considerations on the implementation of tailored testing

Juntunen, M., 1997, Integrated product development: 43rd annual technical meeting. Mount of Prospect, p. 95-98

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Construction market in the Baltic Sea area

Nippala, E., 1997, In : Industrial Horizons. 1, 26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Construction process model: Generic present-state systematisation by IDEF0

Karhu, V., Keitilä, M. & Lahdenperä, P., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 190 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1845).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access
5 Citations (Scopus)

Consumer attitudes towards oxygen absorbers in food packages

Mikkola, V., Lähteenmäki, L., Hurme, E., Heiniö, R-L., Järvi-Kääriäinen, T. & Ahvenainen, R., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 38 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1858).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access

Consumer attitudes towards oxygen absorbers in food packages

Mikkola, V., Lähteenmäki, L., Hurme, E., Heiniö, R-L., Järvi-Kääriäinen, T. & Ahvenainen, R., 1997, 3rd NordFood Conference publication. Oslo, p. 74 - 75

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Content of nutrients and lignans in roller milled fractions of rye

Nilsson, M., Åman, P., Härkönen, H., Hallmans, G., Knudsen, K., Mazur, W. & Adlercreutz, H., 1997, In : Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 73, 2, p. 143-148

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)

Converting documents into Adobe Acrobat PDF format: Case VTT

Rautanen, T. & Eskola, P., 1997, Espoo. 36 p. (NORDINFO-Rapport; No. 2/1997).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Correlation of surface film resistance with materials behaviour in industrial applications

Saario, T., Laitinen, T., Hilden, J. & Pankakoski, P., 1997. 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference PosterScientific