Find Research Outputs

1 Citation (Scopus)

The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels

Tuurna, S., Szymon, S. & Heikinheimo, L., 2004, BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 233-243 (VTT Symposium; No. 233).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Open Access
Steel
Boilers
Gases
Corrosion
Oxidation

The effect of heat and mass transfer on the cellular plastic insulation and the long-term aging: Dissertation

Youchen, F., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 162 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

Foamed plastics
Foams
Insulation
Mass transfer
Aging of materials

The effect of heating and drying of the accessibility of cellulose: Studies on the accessibility of cellulose. Part V

Ant-Wuorinen, O. & Visapää, A., 1960, Helsinki: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 25 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuslaitos. Tiedotus: Sarja IV. Kemia; No. 26).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

The effect of heat treatment on dealloying of two aluminium bronzes in sea water

Aaltonen, P., Klemetti, K. & Hänninen, H., 1983, Korrosion inom kraftindustrin: Det fjärde nordiska seminariet. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 251-265 (VTT Symposium; No. 36).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and corrosion resistance of Inconel X-750 alloy

Kekkonen, T. & Hänninen, H., 1985, In : Corrosion Science. 25, 8-9, p. 789 - 803 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Corrosion resistance
Heat treatment
Microstructure
Stress corrosion cracking
Corrosion
4 Citations (Scopus)

The Effect of Heavy Olefins and Ethanol on Gasoline Emissions.

Pentikäinen, J., Aakko, P. & Rantanen, L., 2004, In : SAE Technical Paper Series. 2004-01-2003, 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Olefins
Gasoline
Ethanol
Ozone
Particulate emissions

The effect of heterogenous hydrolysis on the state of crystallinity of regenerated cellulose

Ant-Wuorinen, O., 1956, Helsinki: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 19 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuslaitos. Tiedotus: Sarja IV. Kemia; No. 6).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

12 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of high pH on structural lipids in diatoms

Spilling, K., Brynjólfsdóttir, A., Enss, D., Rischer, H. & Svavarsson, H. G., 2013, In : Journal of Applied Phycology. 25, 5, p. 1435-1439 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Bacillariophyceae
diatom
lipid
Phaeodactylum tricornutum
lipids

The effect of hourly traffic volumes on traffic safety

Pajunen, K. & Kulmala, R., 1996, In : Nordic Road and Transport Research. 1, 27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

The effect of hydrothermal liquefaction of black liquor in bio-oil quality

Melin, K., Välimäki, A., Oasmaa, A. & Lehtonen, J., May 2019, European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, p. 1144-1145 2 p. (European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

waste liquors
Liquefaction
liquefaction
Sodium
sodium

The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles

Rajala, P., Marja-aho, M. & Carpén, L., 1 Jan 2017, Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017. European Federation of Corrosion EFC

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Hypochlorous Acid
hydrological cycle
Biofouling
fouling
Stainless Steel
23 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of impact conditions on the wear and deformation behavior of wear resistant steels

Lindroos, M., Ratia, V., Apostol, M., Valtonen, K., Laukkanen, A., Molnar, W., Holmberg, K. & Kuokkala, V-T., 2015, In : Wear. 328-329, p. 197-205

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Steel
Wear of materials
steels
Projectiles
Martensitic steel
105 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of initial drop size on particle size in the supercritical antisolvent precipitation (SAS) technique

Rantakylä, M., Jäntti, M., Aaltonen, O. & Hurme, M., 2002, In : Journal of Supercritical Fluids. 24, 3, p. 251-263

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

drop size
Particle size
Spraying
Nozzles
Methylene Chloride
2 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of in-line foam generation on foam quality and sheet formation in foam forming

Koponen, A., Jäsberg, A., Lappalainen, T. & Kiiskinen, H., 2018, In : Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal. 33, 3, p. 482-495 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

foams
foam
Foams
effect
pulp and paper industry
8 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of interruption to propofol sedation on auditory event-related potentials and electroencephalogram in intensive care patients

Yppärilä, H., Nunes, S., Korhonen, I., Partanen, J. & Ruokonen, E., 2004, In : Critical Care. 8, 6, p. R483 - R490 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Propofol
Critical Care
Evoked Potentials
Electroencephalography
Deep Sedation
12 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of ion beam mixing on SIMS depth resolution

Likonen, J., Hautala, M. & Koponen, I., 1992, In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 64, 1-4, p. 149-152

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Secondary ion mass spectrometry
Ion beams
secondary ion mass spectrometry
ion beams
spikes

The effect of ion-irradiation and rapid thermal annealing on TiSieand MoSie

Groberg, L., Krontiras, C., Saarilahti, J. & Suni, I., 1 Jan 1987, ESSDERC '87: 17th European Solid State Device Research Conference. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, p. 209-212 5436541

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Rapid thermal annealing
Ion bombardment
Cams
Recovery
Ions
11 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of iridium precursor on oxide-supported iridium catalysts prepared by atomic layer deposition

Vuori, H., Pasanen, A., Lindblad, M., Niemelä, M. V. & Krause, A. O. I., 2011, In : Applied Surface Science. 257, 9, p. 4204-4210 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Iridium
Atomic layer deposition
Catalysts
Oxides
Zeolites
3 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of isopropyl alcohol and non-ionic surfactant mixtures on the wetting of porous coated paper

Tåg, C-M., Toiviainen, M., Juuti, M., Rosenholm, J. B., Backfolk, K. & Gane, P. A. C., 2012, In : Transport in Porous Media. 94, 1, p. 225-242 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2-Propanol
Nonionic surfactants
Wetting
Alcohols
Surface-Active Agents
79 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of lactose derivatives lactulose, lactitol and lactobionic acid on the functional and technological properties of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus strains

Saarela, M., Hallamaa, K., Mattila-Sandholm, T. & Mättö, J., 2003, In : International Dairy Journal. 13, 4, p. 291-302 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

lactitol
Lactulose
lactulose
Prebiotics
Probiotics
41 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of lactose derivatives on intestinal lactic acid bacteria

Kontula, P., Suihko, M-L., Wright, A. V. & Mattila-Sandholm, T., 1999, In : Journal of Dairy Science. 82, 2, p. 249-256 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Lactose
lactose
Fermentation
lactic acid bacteria
Lactic Acid

The effect of lactulose on adhesion and on fermentation end-products of lactic acid bacteria

Kontula, P., Wright, A. V. & Mattila-Sandholm, T., 1997, Biotechnology in the food chain: New tools and applications for future foods. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 239-239 (VTT Symposium; No. 177).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

The effect of lactulose on the survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in the simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem (SHIME)

Kontula, P., Wright, A. V., Nollet, L. & Verstraete, W., 1998, Functional Food Research in Europe: 3rd Workshop Demonstration of the Nutritional Functionality of Probiotic Foods. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 86-86 (VTT Symposium; No. 187).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of lactulose on the survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in the Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME) and in vivo

Kontula, P., Nollet, L., Saarela, M., Vilpponen-Salmela, T., Verstraete, W., Mattila-Sandholm, T. & von Wright, A., 2002, In : Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease. 14, 2, p. 90-96

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Lactobacillus rhamnosus
Lactulose
Ecosystem
Colon
Survival
12 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of lateral flooding on the coolability of irregular core debris beds

Takasuo, E., Holmström, S., Kinnunen, T., Pankakoski, P., Hosio, E. & Lindholm, I., 2011, In : Nuclear Engineering and Design. 241, 4, p. 1196-1205 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

debris
Debris
heat flux
beds
flooding

The effect of leakage on the quality of gas-packed foodstuffs and the leak detection

Ahvenainen, R., Hurme, E., Randell, K. & Eilamo, M., 1995, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 99 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1683, Vol. 1455-0865).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

foods
gases
color
ham
pizza
23 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of ligament size on cleavage fracture toughness

Wallin, K., 1989, In : Engineering Fracture Mechanics. 32, 3, p. 449-457

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Ligaments
Fracture toughness
Testing
Plastics
35 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of lignin model compound structure on the rate of oxidation catalyzed by two different fungal laccases

Lahtinen, M., Kruus, K., Boer, H., Kemell, M., Andberg, M., Viikari, L. & Sipilä, J., 2009, In : Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic. 57, 1-4, p. 204-210 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Laccase
Lignin
Oxidation
Reaction rates
Substrates
8 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of liquorice extract-containing starch gel on the amount and microbial composition of plaque

Söderling, E., Karjalainen, S., Lille, M., Maukonen, J., Saarela, M. & Autio, K., 2006, In : Clinical Oral Investigations. 10, 2, p. 108-113

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Glycyrrhiza
Starch
Gels
Acids
Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis

The effect of liquorice extract-containing starch gel on the amount and microbial composition of plaque

Karjalainen, S., Söderling, E., Lille, M., Nohynek, L., Autio, K. & Saarela, M., 2004, In : Caries Research. 38, 4, p. 359

Research output: Contribution to journalOther journal contributionScientific

Glycyrrhiza
Starch
Gels
Streptococcus mutans
Agar

The effect of long fibers on sheet properties in foam forming

Koponen, A., Torvinen, K., Jäsberg, A. & Kiiskinen, H., 2016, Paper Conference and Trade Show (PaperCon 2016). TAPPI Press, Vol. 2. p. 894-904

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Foams
Fibers
Water
Flocculation
Raw materials

The Effect of L-PBF Process Parameters on Surface Quality and Mechanical Properties of H13 Hot Work Tool Steel

Haapalainen, M., Riipinen, T., Jokinen, A., Puukko, P. & Vaajoki, A., 2018, Euro PM2018 Proceedings. European Power Metallurgy Association EPMA

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

The effect of magnesium on the formation of CaCO3 depositions onto stainless steel, diamond and zirconium nitride surfaces

Puhakka, E., Riihimäki, M. & Keiski, R. L., 2011, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning - 2011: Crete Island, Greece, June 5-10, 2011. p. 243-250

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Diamond
Stainless Steel
Nitrides
Magnesium
Fouling
26 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of mannan on physical properties on ECF bleached softwood kraft fibre handsheets

Suurnäkki, A., Oksanen, T., Kettunen, H. & Buchert, J., 2003, In : Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal. 18, 4, p. 429-435 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Mannans
Softwoods
softwood
physical properties
dietary fiber
6 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of metakaolin on chloride penetration into concrete

Ferreira, M. & Costa, P. M., 2011, In : Nordic Concrete Research. 43, p. 127-130

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Concretes
Cements
Durability
Pore structure
Concrete construction
26 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of Mg-based additive on aerosol characteristics in medium-speed diesel engines operating with residual fuel oils

Lyyränen, J., Jokiniemi, J. & Kauppinen, E., 2002, In : Journal of Aerosol Science. 33, 7, p. 967-981

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Ashes
Residual fuels
diesel engine
Aerosols
Fuel Oils

The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water

Ahonen, M., Ehrnstén, U., Saukkonen, T., Todoshchenko, O. & Hänninen, H., 2014, Proceedings of Fontevraud 8 . 15 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Crack propagation
Welds
Nickel
Microstructure
Metals
2 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of microstructure on mechanical properties of HVOF sprayed WC-CoCr composite coatings

Suhonen, T., Varis, T., Turunen, E., Liu, X., Ge, Y., Söderberg, O. & Hannula, S-P., 2009, In : Tribologia. 28, 1-2, p. 14-28 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Composite coatings
mechanical properties
coatings
Coatings
Mechanical properties

The effect of mixing and consistency on cellulose cationization

Willberg-Keyriläinen, P., Pitkänen, P., Hulkko, J., Asikainen, M. & Setälä, H., 18 Mar 2019, In : Heliyon. 5, 3, p. e01349 e01349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
cellulose
mercerization
processing equipment
cellulosic fibers
energy use and consumption
1 Citation (Scopus)

The effect of moisture on die attach joints made with silver filled epoxy

Rusanen, O., Lenkkeri, J. & Kivimäki, L., 1995, In : Microelectronics International. 12, 2, p. 25-27

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

The effect of moisture on evolution of formaldehyde from ureaformaldehyde foam

Ojala, M. & Saarela, K., 1977, In : Kemia-Kemi. 3, 552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

The effect of NaOH-solutions at 0°C on the crystallinity and chain length of cellulose

Ant-Wuorinen, O. & Visapää, A., 1962, Helsinki: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 28 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuslaitos. Tiedotus: Sarja IV. Kemia; No. 43).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

4 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of near-surface structure on sputtering of Cu atoms by Ar ions

Hautala, M. & Likonen, J., 1988, In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 33, 1-4, p. 526-529

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Angular distribution
Surface structure
Sputtering
angular distribution
sputtering
17 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of non-axisymmetric wall geometry on 13C transport in ASDEX Upgrade: Letter

Miettunen, J., Kurki-Suonio, T., Makkonen, T., Groth, M., Hakola, A., Hirvijoki, E., Krieger, K., Likonen, J., Äkäslompolo, S. & ASDEX Upgrade Team, 2012, In : Nuclear Fusion. 52, 3, 6 p., 032001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

geometry
asymmetry
carbon
profiles
ripples

The effect of Nordic climate on automotive emissions

Laurikko, J., 1998, In : Tribologia. 17, 3-4, p. 28-39

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of oxidative pretreatment on cellulose degradation by Poria placenta and Trichoderma reesei cellulases

Rättö, M. & Ritschkoff, A-C., 1997, In : Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 48, 1, p. 53 - 57 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Poria
Cellulases
Trichoderma
Cellulase
Cellulose
2 Citations (Scopus)
Open Access
Dispersions
Polymers
Fibers
Formability
Thermoforming
14 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of oxygen enriched burning in hazardous waste incineration

Song, X. M., Hase, A., Laukkarinen, A., Salonen, S. & Hakala, E., 1992, In : Chemosphere. 24, 3, p. 249-259 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Hazardous Waste
Incineration
Waste incineration
Refuse incinerators
incineration

The effect of oxygen level on metabolic flux distribution of Saccharomyces cerevisoae

Jouhten, P., Rintala, E., Tamminen, A., Huuskonen, A., Wiebe, M., Salusjärvi, L., Toivari, M., Ruohonen, L., Penttilä, M. & Maaheimo, H., 2006, International Specialised Symposium on Yeasts ISSY25: Systems Biology of Yeasts - from Models to Applications. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 79 P27. (VTT Symposium; No. 242).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Open Access
oxygen
tracer
yeast
glucose
chemostat
6 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of oxygen on the Jahn-Teller distortion and magnetization dynamics of Pr0.9Ca0.1MnO3 thin films

Majumdar, S., Huhtinen, H., Paturi, P. & Palai, R., 2013, In : Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 25, 066005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review