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1997

Extending the uses of a ship simulator with new technologies

Broas, P., 1997, In : Industrial Horizons. December, 20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Extinguishing efficiency of powders against class A fires

Tuomisaari, M. & Yli-Penttilä, M., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 34 p. (VTT Publications; No. 321).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access

Fast electron generation by lower hybrid waves near the grill

Rantamäki, K., Pättikangas, T., Karttunen, S., Litaudon, X. & Moreau, D., 1997, Proceedings of the XXXI Annual Conference of the Finnish Physical Society: Abstracts. Rauhala, E. & Sainio, M. E. (eds.). Helsinki: University of Helsinki, (University of Helsinki: Department of Physics. Report Series in Physics, Vol. 262).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Faster and more accurate propagation prediction for line-of-sight micro-cellural mobile communications

Zhang, W., Lähteenmäki, J., El-Sallabi, H. & Vainikainen, P., 1997, XXII Convention on Radio Science. Kalliomäki, K. & Savolainen, E. (eds.). Oulu: University of Oulu, p. 53-54

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Feature modelling of component-based embedded software

Kalaoja, J., Niemelä, E. & Perunka, H., 1997, Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Workshop on Software Technology and Engineering Practice incorporating Computer Aided Software Engineering (STEP 1997). Budgen, D., Hoffnagle, G. & Trienekens, J. (eds.). Los Alamitos: IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, p. 444-451

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Feature-Oriented approach to design reusable software architectures and components in embedded systems

Perunka, H., Niemelä, E. & Kalaoja, J., 1997, p. 71-77.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

FEPs and scenarios: Auditing of TVO-92 and TILA-96 against International FEP database

Vieno, T. & Nordman, H., 1997, Helsinki: Posiva. 97 p. (Posiva Report; No. 11/97).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Fermentation stability and pore size distribution of frozen prefermented lean wheat doughs

Räsänen, J., Laurikainen, T. & Autio, K., 1997, In : Cereal Chemistry. 74, 1, p. 56-62

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Fibre optic security monitoring sensor

Englund, M., Ipatti, A. & Karioja, P., 1997, Micro-optical Technologies for Measurement, Sensors, and Microsystems II . International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, p. 284-299 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 3099).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

3 Citations (Scopus)

Field trial to assess ash leachability and gaseous emissions from boilers firing deinking residue

Tran, H., Latva-Somppi, J., Barham, D., McMullen, R. & Douglas, M., 1997, In : Tappi Journal. 80, 5, p. 129-134

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Filler effect of inert mineral powder in concrete: Dissertation

Kronlöf, A., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 202 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertationMonograph

3 Citations (Scopus)

Fine particle emission monitoring project: Finnish energy and environmental technology research program (SIHTI-2) results

Moisio, M., Marjamäki, M., Hautanen, J., Keskinen, J., Kauppinen, E., Valmari, T., Latva-Somppi, J. & Ahonen, P., 1997, In : Journal of Aerosol Science. 28, Supplement 1, p. 569 - 570 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalOther journal contributionScientificpeer-review

Finite element modelling of fibre-reinforced brittle materials

Kullaa, J., 1997, In : Heron. 42, 2, p. 75-95

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

2 Citations (Scopus)

Fire behaviour of facades in multi-storey wood-framed houses

Hakkarainen, T., Oksanen, T. & Mikkola, E., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 58 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1823).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

6 Citations (Scopus)

Fires at chemical warehouses: A cone calorimeter study on the burning characteristics and fire effluent composition of selected chemical compounds

Hietaniemi, J., Kallonen, R. & Mikkola, E., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 91 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1810).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

6 Citations (Scopus)

First characterisation of the Finnish epithermal neutron beam using activcation detectors

Kaita, K., Serén, T. & Auterinen, I., 1997, Advances in Neutron Capture Therapy: Medicine and Physics. Larsson, B., Crawford, J. F. & Weinreich, R. (eds.). Elsevier, Vol. 1. p. 353-356 (International Congress Series, Vol. 1132).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Fixed-Point Bit-True model for the FFT algorithm

Kiviranta, M. & Kaasila, V-P., 1997, URSI/IEEE/Infotech Oulu/Pro electronica. p. 105-106

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Flatness and dimensional control of planar objects with a novel modular moiré system

Paakkari, J., 1997, Research activities in optoelectronics and electronics manufacturing. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, p. 30-32

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Flotation in acid mine drainage control: Beneficiation of concentrate

Leppinen, J., Salonsaari, P. & Palosaari, V., 1997, In : Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly. 36, 4, p. 225-230

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Flow pattern defects in Czochralski-grown silicon crystals

Rantamäki, R., Molarius, J., Tilli, M. & Tuomi, T., 1997, In : Physica Scripta: Topical Issues. T69, p. 264-267

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Fluid flow in three-dimensional random fiber webs

Koponen, A., Kataja, M., Timonen, J., Kandhai, D., Sloot, P. M. A. & Hoekstra, A., 1997, In : CSC News. 9, 12

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Formation of NO, NO2, and N2O from Gardanne lignite and its char under pressurized conditions

Mallet, C., Aho, M., Hämäläinen, J. & Richard, J-R., 1997, In : Energy & Fuels. 11, 4, p. 792 - 800 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Four approaches to the fractional Brownian storage

Norros, I., 1997, Fractals in Engineering: From Theory to Industrial Applications. Lévy Véhel, J., Lutton, E. & Tricot, C. (eds.). LondoN: Springer, p. 154-169

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

Fractal characteristics of critical and localized states in incommensurate quantum systems

Satija, I. I. & Ketoja, J. A., 1 Jan 1997, In : Pramana: Journal of Physics. 48, 2, p. 589-601 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Fracture behaviour of diffusion bonded bi-material (Ti-Al) joints

Cam, G., Kocak, M., Dobi, D., Heikinheimo, L. & Siren, M., 1997, Mis-Matching of Interfaces and Welds. Schwalbe, K-H. & Kocak, M. (eds.). Geesthacht, p. 435-450 15

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Fracture behaviour of diffusion bonded bimaterial Ti-Al joints

Cam, G., Kocak, M., Dobi, D., Heikinheimo, L. & Siren, M., 1997, In : Science and Technology of Welding and Joining. 2, 3, p. 95 - 101 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Fracture flow and transport experiments in laboratory scale: Testing experimental and modelling techniques using a small block

Hölttä, P., Hakanen, M., Hautojärvi, A. & Poteri, A., 1997, Posiva. 25 p. (Posiva Working Report; No. POSIVA-97-02e).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Open Access

Fracture network model of the groundwater flow in the Romuvaara site

Poteri, A. & Laitinen, M., 1997, Helsinki: Posiva. 78 p. (Posiva Report; No. 26/96).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Framework for biosignal interpretation in intensive care and anesthesia

Saranummi, N., Korhonen, I., Van Gils, M. & Kari, A., 1 Dec 1997, In : Methods of Information in Medicine. 36, 4-5, p. 340-344

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Frequency shift in baroregulatory oscillation in borderline hypertensive subjects

Takalo, R., Korhonen, I., Turjanmaa, V., Majahalme, S., Tuomisto, M. & Uusitalo, A., 1997, In : American Journal of Hypertension. 10, 5, p. 500-504

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

From the guest editors

Cerutti, S. & Saranummi, N., 1997, In : IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine. 16, 6, p. 19 - 20 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalOther journal contributionScientific

6 Citations (Scopus)

FRP Sandwich construction in ships

Holm, G., 1997, In : Maritime Research news. 11, 1, p. 6-8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Fuel testing methods for bio-oil

Oasmaa, A., 1997, In : PyNe: Pyrolysis Network. 4 , p. 17

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Full-scale experiments with different smokes

Björkman, J. & Keski-Rahkonen, O., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 80 p. (VTT Publications; No. 332).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

1 Citation (Scopus)

Full-scale fire experiments on vertical and horizontal cable trays

Mangs, J. & Keski-Rahkonen, O., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 108 p. (VTT Publications; No. 324).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

3 Citations (Scopus)

Funktionaalisten elintarvikkeiden tuotekehitysrendit

Poutanen, K., 1997. 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleProfessional

Future foods research programme - VTT has started a four-year research programme on nutriments for the future

Poutanen, K., 1997, In : Industrial Horizons. December, p. 30-31

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Fuusioenergia, tulevaisuus ja yhteiskunta

Nordman, H., Rantamäki, K. & Tala, T., 1997, Ydintekniikan yhteiskunnalliset ulottuvuudet: Ydin- ja energiatekniikan seminaari keväällä 1997. Salomaa, R. (ed.). Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, 22 p. (Teknillinen korkeakoulu: teknillisen fysiikan ja matematiikan osasto. Raportti B, Vol. 170).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

Gasification of biomass for energy production: State of technology in Finland and global market perspectives

Wilen, C. & Kurkela, E., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 65 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1842).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

3 Citations (Scopus)

Gas temperature mapping using impedance tomography

Baroudi, D. & Somersalo, E., 1997, In : Inverse Problems. 13, 5, p. 1177-1189

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Gelation of waxy barley starch hydrolysates

Lauro, M., Ring, S., Bull, V. & Poutanen, K., 1997, In : Journal of Cereal Science. 26, 3, p. 347 - 354 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Geometric convolution in AFM imaging: Is the image correction possible by deconvolution software?

Peltonen, J. & Kuutti, L., 1997, Proceedings of the 2nd Seminar on Quantitative Microscopy: Geometrical Measurements in the Micro- and Nanometre Range with Far and Near Field Methods. Hasche, K., Mirandé, W. & Wilkening, G. (eds.). Braunschweig, p. 126-130

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Graafinen tekniikka kehittyy vauhdilla

Antikainen, H., 1997, In : Faktori. 82, 9, p. 12-14

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Growth of hairy root cultures of strawberry (Fragaria ¥ ananassa Duch.) in three different types of bioreactors

Nuutila, A-M., Lindqvist, A-S. & Kauppinen, V., 1997, In : Biotechnology Techniques. 11, 6, p. 363-366

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

GSM-lyhytsanomat mittarinluennassa

Translated title of the contribution: GMS short message service in automatic meter readingTakala, J., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 80 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1833).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Hapetus-pelkistysilmiöt ja niiden merkitys käytetyn ydinpolttoaineen loppusijoitustilassa

Kumpulainen, H., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 77 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1818).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Hapetus-pelkistysreaktiot oluen valmistuksessa

Vainikka, M., 1997, In : Mallas ja Olut. 6, p. 165-170

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Harper equation, the dissipative standard map and strange nonchaotic attractors: Relationship between an eigenvalue problem and iterated maps

Ketoja, J. A. & Satija, I. I., 1 Jan 1997, In : Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. 109, 1-2, p. 70-80 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Havuvanerirakenteiden kosteusteknisen toiminnan perusteet

Translated title of the contribution: Moisture performance of plywood wall structuresOjanen, T., Kokko, E., Salonvaara, M. & Viitanen, H., 1997, Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 102 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1870).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

3 Citations (Scopus)