A C-V2X/5G Field Study for Supporting Automated Driving

Matti Kutila (Corresponding author), Kimmo Kauvo, Pasi Pyykönen, Xiaoyun Zhang, Victor Garrido Martinez, Yinxiang Zheng, Shen Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
284 Downloads (Pure)


This article focuses on reviewing the results of a series of trials conducted in Europe and China to benchmark 5G’s benefits for automated driving challenges. The measurements have been conducted for studying the influence of the current 5G/LTE-V2X connectivity and optimizing antenna height, driving speed, and performance variation due to landscape variation. The results have been aggregated in real-world testing conducted in Finland and China. The vehicles have been equipped with onboard units (OBUs) and the infrastructure with the latest available 5G or LTE technologies.

The outcome of this study indicates that LTE-V2X highly depends on antenna height. However, the latencies are quite stable, being 20–50 ms unless line-of-sight connection is lost. The communication range is increased by 5G, and also
package size can be increased by up to 1 MB without increasing the package error rate, which in the LTE-V2X case starts increasing when 0.5 MB is exceeded. This is not a problem for traditional C-ITS messages, but if considering “see through” or “remote video operation,” then the package size demand is much higher and goes beyond LTE-V2X’s capacity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication32nd IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, IV 2021
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-5394-0, 978-1-7281-5393-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-5395-7
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event32nd IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, IV'21 - virtual, Nagoya, Japan
Duration: 11 Jul 202117 Jul 2021
Conference number: 32


Conference32nd IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, IV'21
Abbreviated titleIV21
City Nagoya


Research supported by the European Commission under H2020 framework program in the 5G-DRIVE (ID: 814956) project.


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