A Complementary Study to the Chemical Behaviour of Caesium Iodide in Presence of Boron in Condensed Phase (650 °C and 400 °C) under Primary Circuit Conditions: Differential Thermal Analysis and Thermogravimetric Studies

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Abstract

This work is a contribution to the work performed in a paper on the understanding of the chemical reactions between cesium iodide and boron oxide in condensed phase, under conditions close to the ones prevailing in the primary circuit of a nuclear power plant in case of a severe accident. The thermal degradation of samples made from cesium iodide or cesium iodide and boron oxide mixtures has been investigated using the techniques of thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis at temperatures from 20°C to 1000°C. The boron-to-cesium molar ratio in the investigated mixture was fixed at about the value of 5 (B/Cs = 5). Apart from the dehydration of boric acid, evidence is presented for the formation of a vitreous compound at 360°C to 420°C, depending on the atmosphere composition.
Carrier gas composition also seemed to influence the behavior of the precursor mixture. While under air and argon, the recorded thermograms are similar. In the presence of argon/water vapor, a specific behavior and difference on reactivity is noticed, due to the adsorption of water from the carrier gas at the beginning of the process. It was also pointed out that the addition of water or oxygen delayed the glass formation process.
LanguageEnglish
Pages85-91
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Technology
Volume203
Issue number1
Early online dateMar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Cesium iodide
Differential thermal analysis
Boron
Networks (circuits)
Argon
Boric acid
Oxides
Cesium
Chemical analysis
Dehydration
Gases
Water vapor
Nuclear power plants
Thermogravimetric analysis
Water
Chemical reactions
Accidents
Pyrolysis
Adsorption
Glass

Keywords

  • Boron
  • cesium iodide
  • thermogravimetric analysis
  • differential thermal analysis

Cite this

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title = "A Complementary Study to the Chemical Behaviour of Caesium Iodide in Presence of Boron in Condensed Phase (650 °C and 400 °C) under Primary Circuit Conditions: Differential Thermal Analysis and Thermogravimetric Studies",
abstract = "This work is a contribution to the work performed in a paper on the understanding of the chemical reactions between cesium iodide and boron oxide in condensed phase, under conditions close to the ones prevailing in the primary circuit of a nuclear power plant in case of a severe accident. The thermal degradation of samples made from cesium iodide or cesium iodide and boron oxide mixtures has been investigated using the techniques of thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis at temperatures from 20°C to 1000°C. The boron-to-cesium molar ratio in the investigated mixture was fixed at about the value of 5 (B/Cs = 5). Apart from the dehydration of boric acid, evidence is presented for the formation of a vitreous compound at 360°C to 420°C, depending on the atmosphere composition.Carrier gas composition also seemed to influence the behavior of the precursor mixture. While under air and argon, the recorded thermograms are similar. In the presence of argon/water vapor, a specific behavior and difference on reactivity is noticed, due to the adsorption of water from the carrier gas at the beginning of the process. It was also pointed out that the addition of water or oxygen delayed the glass formation process.",
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author = "Melany Gouello and Jouni Hokkinen and Teemu K{\"a}rkel{\"a} and Ari Auvinen",
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