A concept for improving the security and efficiency of multimodal supply chains

Johan Scholliers, Sirra Toivonen, Antti Permala, Timo Lahtinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    Multimodal supply chains are characterized by multiple changes of transport modes and vehicles. Hence the risks for theft, untimely delivery and freight quality deterioration increase. There is hence a growing need to manage the security and efficiency of consignments from door to door. This paper describes the results of the Finnish national SCIE (Supply Chain Security and Integrity) project, which had as main objective the development of a holistic framework for the management of the security and efficiency of supply chains. A profound risk analysis was performed to find key vulnerabilities of the service and suitable monitoring technology. The security service was developed to deal with the vast amount of actors in the multimodal supply chain, accurate transport plan data reception and the identification of exceptional situations. The service concept was tested by monitoring and analysing steel product shipments from Finland to Central Europe. Advanced intelligent monitoring devices were attached to the consignments. These devices gathered and transmitted in real-time environmental, transport stress and location information. The paper will give an overview of the framework, service concept and the analysed results of a multimodal shipment from Finland to Italy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Applied Logistics (IJAL)
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Location technology
    • monitoring technology
    • multimodal transport
    • supply chain security
    • tracking and tracing


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