A disaster information and monitoring system utilizing earth observation

Machiko Louhisuo, Teppo Veijonen, Jussi Ahola, Tosikazu Morohoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
– This paper aims to present disaster information and a monitoring system in order to utilize earth observation data in the operative process of early warning, mitigation and management of natural disasters. The system is aimed at integrating earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs including GIS, grid, mobile communication and web technology to support disaster monitoring and to share disaster information during a crisis.

Design/methodology/approach
– The system development concerned outlining an operative disaster monitoring and management process. The process was derived from actual practices, suggestions and needs of different user groups involved in disaster management. After investigating state‐of‐the‐art ICTs and reviewing the existing tools and databases, a suitable system architecture was designed and a prototype system was implemented, adapting to a proven software development process.

Findings
– The prototype system implementation demonstrated how satellite‐based data can be used to support disaster management processes. Disaster monitoring requires information system infrastructure that would enable communication and integrate various distributed information sources and services.

Originality/value
– The result gives ideas for establishing an operative disaster management process involving local authorities, disaster analysts and the public. The process integrates earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs and improves the methods of early warning. The developed concept can be used as the basis for future development of automated real‐time disaster monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-262
JournalManagement of Environmental Quality
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Disasters
Information Systems
monitoring system
disaster
information system
Earth (planet)
Observation
Monitoring
disaster management
monitoring
mobile communication
natural disaster
mitigation
Information Services
GIS
infrastructure
communication
Communication
Geographic information systems
methodology

Keywords

  • geographic information systems
  • GIS
  • monitoring system
  • natural disasters

Cite this

Louhisuo, Machiko ; Veijonen, Teppo ; Ahola, Jussi ; Morohoshi, Tosikazu. / A disaster information and monitoring system utilizing earth observation. In: Management of Environmental Quality. 2007 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 246-262.
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A disaster information and monitoring system utilizing earth observation. / Louhisuo, Machiko; Veijonen, Teppo; Ahola, Jussi; Morohoshi, Tosikazu.

In: Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2007, p. 246-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A disaster information and monitoring system utilizing earth observation

AU - Louhisuo, Machiko

AU - Veijonen, Teppo

AU - Ahola, Jussi

AU - Morohoshi, Tosikazu

PY - 2007

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N2 - Purpose– This paper aims to present disaster information and a monitoring system in order to utilize earth observation data in the operative process of early warning, mitigation and management of natural disasters. The system is aimed at integrating earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs including GIS, grid, mobile communication and web technology to support disaster monitoring and to share disaster information during a crisis.Design/methodology/approach– The system development concerned outlining an operative disaster monitoring and management process. The process was derived from actual practices, suggestions and needs of different user groups involved in disaster management. After investigating state‐of‐the‐art ICTs and reviewing the existing tools and databases, a suitable system architecture was designed and a prototype system was implemented, adapting to a proven software development process.Findings– The prototype system implementation demonstrated how satellite‐based data can be used to support disaster management processes. Disaster monitoring requires information system infrastructure that would enable communication and integrate various distributed information sources and services.Originality/value– The result gives ideas for establishing an operative disaster management process involving local authorities, disaster analysts and the public. The process integrates earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs and improves the methods of early warning. The developed concept can be used as the basis for future development of automated real‐time disaster monitoring.

AB - Purpose– This paper aims to present disaster information and a monitoring system in order to utilize earth observation data in the operative process of early warning, mitigation and management of natural disasters. The system is aimed at integrating earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs including GIS, grid, mobile communication and web technology to support disaster monitoring and to share disaster information during a crisis.Design/methodology/approach– The system development concerned outlining an operative disaster monitoring and management process. The process was derived from actual practices, suggestions and needs of different user groups involved in disaster management. After investigating state‐of‐the‐art ICTs and reviewing the existing tools and databases, a suitable system architecture was designed and a prototype system was implemented, adapting to a proven software development process.Findings– The prototype system implementation demonstrated how satellite‐based data can be used to support disaster management processes. Disaster monitoring requires information system infrastructure that would enable communication and integrate various distributed information sources and services.Originality/value– The result gives ideas for establishing an operative disaster management process involving local authorities, disaster analysts and the public. The process integrates earth observation data analysis with modern ICTs and improves the methods of early warning. The developed concept can be used as the basis for future development of automated real‐time disaster monitoring.

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