A Film Bulk Acoustic Resonator Based on Ferroelectric Aluminum Scandium Nitride Films

Jialin Wang, Mingyo Park, Stefan Mertin, Tuomas Pensala, Farrokh Ayazi, Azadeh Ansari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    84 Citations (Scopus)


    This work reports on the first demonstration of the frequency tuning and intrinsic polarization switching of film bulk acoustic resonators (FBARs), based on sputtered AlScN piezoelectric thin films with Sc/(Al + Sc) ratio of approx. 30%. A box-like ferroelectric hysteresis behavior of 900 nm-thick Al0.7Sc0.3N sputtered films is obtained, showing a coercive electric field at 3 MV/cm. The fundamental thickness-mode resonance of the bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonator is measured at 3.17 GHz frequency with an excellent electromechanical coupling coefficient (kt 2) of 18.1%. The FBAR frequency response is studied, in both (i) the linear tuning regime, upon application of DC electric fields below the coercive field; as well as (ii) the polarization switching regime, upon application of electric fields above the coercive field. A large linear tuning range of 215 ppm × μ m /V is obtained in case (i), resulting from the high scandium content. The series resonance frequency of the FBARs is switched ON and OFF in (ii) upon application of 350 V unipolar waveform across the Al0.7Sc0.3N thickness. This is the first demonstration of the intrinsically switchable AlN-based FBARs with a large tuning range; and record high k t2 reported for AlN-based FBARs to date. Furthermore, this work paves the way for realization of tunable and switchable wideband acoustic filters operating at super high frequency ranges (SHF). [2020-0203].

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number9169713
    Pages (from-to)741-747
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • acoustic resonators
    • aluminum scandium nitride
    • fbar
    • Ferroelectric
    • filters
    • frequency tuning
    • piezoelectric films


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