A Holistic Approach For Assessing Impact Of Extreme Weather On Critical Infrastructure

M. Räikkönen, K. Mäki, M. Murtonen, K. Forssén, A. Tagg, P.J. Petiet, A.H. Nieuwenhuijs, M McCord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban infrastructures are essential to the health, safety, security and economic well-being of citizens and organisations. Therefore, the managers of critical infrastructures (CI) and infrastructure systems in urban areas need to be constantly aware of and prepared for to any man-made and natural disasters. In this paper, we propose a structured approach to assess extreme weather impacts on CI and discuss how resilience and risk tolerance of critical infrastructure can be enhanced. The approach is aimed at supporting CI owners' and managers' decision-making on a strategic level. It follows a process flow from hazard and CI identification, vulnerability analysis, potential damage estimation, loss assessment to identification and assessment of measures. The approach incorporates many elements, phases and methods from hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), and combines and incorporates them into one aggregated structure, thus providing a holistic view to risk management and CI protection. The proposed approach is flexible in the sense that it encompasses not only a rigorous quantitative assessment, but also allows for a semi-quantitative or qualitative assessment. In addition, the approach enhances transparency of decision making and contributes to more comprehensive use of available information. The paper is based on research carried out in the INTACT and HARMONISE projects, which are co-funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-180
JournalInternational Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Critical infrastructures
holistic approach
infrastructure
weather
Hazards
Managers
Decision making
vulnerability
Cost benefit analysis
decision making
Risk management
Risk assessment
Disasters
Transparency
cost-benefit analysis
natural disaster
hazard assessment
Health
transparency
European Union

Keywords

  • cost-benefit analysis
  • critical infrastructure
  • extreme weather
  • measure
  • resilience
  • risk
  • risk assessment
  • urban infrastructure
  • urban resilience
  • vulnerability

Cite this

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title = "A Holistic Approach For Assessing Impact Of Extreme Weather On Critical Infrastructure",
abstract = "Urban infrastructures are essential to the health, safety, security and economic well-being of citizens and organisations. Therefore, the managers of critical infrastructures (CI) and infrastructure systems in urban areas need to be constantly aware of and prepared for to any man-made and natural disasters. In this paper, we propose a structured approach to assess extreme weather impacts on CI and discuss how resilience and risk tolerance of critical infrastructure can be enhanced. The approach is aimed at supporting CI owners' and managers' decision-making on a strategic level. It follows a process flow from hazard and CI identification, vulnerability analysis, potential damage estimation, loss assessment to identification and assessment of measures. The approach incorporates many elements, phases and methods from hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), and combines and incorporates them into one aggregated structure, thus providing a holistic view to risk management and CI protection. The proposed approach is flexible in the sense that it encompasses not only a rigorous quantitative assessment, but also allows for a semi-quantitative or qualitative assessment. In addition, the approach enhances transparency of decision making and contributes to more comprehensive use of available information. The paper is based on research carried out in the INTACT and HARMONISE projects, which are co-funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme.",
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author = "M. R{\"a}ikk{\"o}nen and K. M{\"a}ki and M. Murtonen and K. Forss{\'e}n and A. Tagg and P.J. Petiet and A.H. Nieuwenhuijs and M McCord",
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A Holistic Approach For Assessing Impact Of Extreme Weather On Critical Infrastructure. / Räikkönen, M.; Mäki, K.; Murtonen, M.; Forssén, K.; Tagg, A.; Petiet, P.J.; Nieuwenhuijs, A.H.; McCord, M.

In: International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2016, p. 171-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Holistic Approach For Assessing Impact Of Extreme Weather On Critical Infrastructure

AU - Räikkönen, M.

AU - Mäki, K.

AU - Murtonen, M.

AU - Forssén, K.

AU - Tagg, A.

AU - Petiet, P.J.

AU - Nieuwenhuijs, A.H.

AU - McCord, M

N1 - Project code: 100809

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Urban infrastructures are essential to the health, safety, security and economic well-being of citizens and organisations. Therefore, the managers of critical infrastructures (CI) and infrastructure systems in urban areas need to be constantly aware of and prepared for to any man-made and natural disasters. In this paper, we propose a structured approach to assess extreme weather impacts on CI and discuss how resilience and risk tolerance of critical infrastructure can be enhanced. The approach is aimed at supporting CI owners' and managers' decision-making on a strategic level. It follows a process flow from hazard and CI identification, vulnerability analysis, potential damage estimation, loss assessment to identification and assessment of measures. The approach incorporates many elements, phases and methods from hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), and combines and incorporates them into one aggregated structure, thus providing a holistic view to risk management and CI protection. The proposed approach is flexible in the sense that it encompasses not only a rigorous quantitative assessment, but also allows for a semi-quantitative or qualitative assessment. In addition, the approach enhances transparency of decision making and contributes to more comprehensive use of available information. The paper is based on research carried out in the INTACT and HARMONISE projects, which are co-funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme.

AB - Urban infrastructures are essential to the health, safety, security and economic well-being of citizens and organisations. Therefore, the managers of critical infrastructures (CI) and infrastructure systems in urban areas need to be constantly aware of and prepared for to any man-made and natural disasters. In this paper, we propose a structured approach to assess extreme weather impacts on CI and discuss how resilience and risk tolerance of critical infrastructure can be enhanced. The approach is aimed at supporting CI owners' and managers' decision-making on a strategic level. It follows a process flow from hazard and CI identification, vulnerability analysis, potential damage estimation, loss assessment to identification and assessment of measures. The approach incorporates many elements, phases and methods from hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), and combines and incorporates them into one aggregated structure, thus providing a holistic view to risk management and CI protection. The proposed approach is flexible in the sense that it encompasses not only a rigorous quantitative assessment, but also allows for a semi-quantitative or qualitative assessment. In addition, the approach enhances transparency of decision making and contributes to more comprehensive use of available information. The paper is based on research carried out in the INTACT and HARMONISE projects, which are co-funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme.

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KW - critical infrastructure

KW - extreme weather

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KW - resilience

KW - risk

KW - risk assessment

KW - urban infrastructure

KW - urban resilience

KW - vulnerability

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 171

EP - 180

JO - International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering

JF - International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering

SN - 2041-9031

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ER -