A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections

Florian Mirianon, Stefania Fortino, Tomi Toratti

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    This report presents numerical analyses of dowel connections modeled in ABAQUS using a rheological model for wood taking into account loading time, moisture content of wood and the load case. Some experimental tests under constant moisture content have been modeled as well and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Variable relative humidity conditions have been applied to some connections. The results show that the variations of moisture content in wood can strongly increase the stresses in wood, especially in the direction perpendicular to the grain. The same connection has been modeled with and without reinforcement based on glued-in rods. It appears that the presence of glued-in rods affects the stresses around the holes and most of the tension stresses are converted into compression stresses. A one dowel connection has been modeled to study the influence of the friction coefficient between wood and steel on the crack appearance. The results have showed that the higher the friction coefficient is, the smaller the strains perpendicular to grain are.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages68
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7112-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Publications
    Number690
    ISSN1235-0621

    Fingerprint

    ABAQUS
    Wood
    Moisture
    Friction
    Atmospheric humidity
    Reinforcement
    Cracks
    Steel
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • timber
    • gluelam
    • moisture transfer
    • stress analysis
    • FEM
    • ABAQUS
    • creep
    • mechano-sorption
    • dowel
    • connections

    Cite this

    Mirianon, F., Fortino, S., & Toratti, T. (2008). A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 690
    Mirianon, Florian ; Fortino, Stefania ; Toratti, Tomi. / A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 68 p. (VTT Publications; No. 690).
    @book{27d3ed7be57e472da59bf25c0664cea9,
    title = "A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections",
    abstract = "This report presents numerical analyses of dowel connections modeled in ABAQUS using a rheological model for wood taking into account loading time, moisture content of wood and the load case. Some experimental tests under constant moisture content have been modeled as well and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Variable relative humidity conditions have been applied to some connections. The results show that the variations of moisture content in wood can strongly increase the stresses in wood, especially in the direction perpendicular to the grain. The same connection has been modeled with and without reinforcement based on glued-in rods. It appears that the presence of glued-in rods affects the stresses around the holes and most of the tension stresses are converted into compression stresses. A one dowel connection has been modeled to study the influence of the friction coefficient between wood and steel on the crack appearance. The results have showed that the higher the friction coefficient is, the smaller the strains perpendicular to grain are.",
    keywords = "timber, gluelam, moisture transfer, stress analysis, FEM, ABAQUS, creep, mechano-sorption, dowel, connections",
    author = "Florian Mirianon and Stefania Fortino and Tomi Toratti",
    year = "2008",
    language = "English",
    series = "VTT Publications",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "690",
    address = "Finland",

    }

    Mirianon, F, Fortino, S & Toratti, T 2008, A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections. VTT Publications, no. 690, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections. / Mirianon, Florian; Fortino, Stefania; Toratti, Tomi.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 68 p. (VTT Publications; No. 690).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections

    AU - Mirianon, Florian

    AU - Fortino, Stefania

    AU - Toratti, Tomi

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - This report presents numerical analyses of dowel connections modeled in ABAQUS using a rheological model for wood taking into account loading time, moisture content of wood and the load case. Some experimental tests under constant moisture content have been modeled as well and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Variable relative humidity conditions have been applied to some connections. The results show that the variations of moisture content in wood can strongly increase the stresses in wood, especially in the direction perpendicular to the grain. The same connection has been modeled with and without reinforcement based on glued-in rods. It appears that the presence of glued-in rods affects the stresses around the holes and most of the tension stresses are converted into compression stresses. A one dowel connection has been modeled to study the influence of the friction coefficient between wood and steel on the crack appearance. The results have showed that the higher the friction coefficient is, the smaller the strains perpendicular to grain are.

    AB - This report presents numerical analyses of dowel connections modeled in ABAQUS using a rheological model for wood taking into account loading time, moisture content of wood and the load case. Some experimental tests under constant moisture content have been modeled as well and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Variable relative humidity conditions have been applied to some connections. The results show that the variations of moisture content in wood can strongly increase the stresses in wood, especially in the direction perpendicular to the grain. The same connection has been modeled with and without reinforcement based on glued-in rods. It appears that the presence of glued-in rods affects the stresses around the holes and most of the tension stresses are converted into compression stresses. A one dowel connection has been modeled to study the influence of the friction coefficient between wood and steel on the crack appearance. The results have showed that the higher the friction coefficient is, the smaller the strains perpendicular to grain are.

    KW - timber

    KW - gluelam

    KW - moisture transfer

    KW - stress analysis

    KW - FEM

    KW - ABAQUS

    KW - creep

    KW - mechano-sorption

    KW - dowel

    KW - connections

    M3 - Report

    T3 - VTT Publications

    BT - A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Mirianon F, Fortino S, Toratti T. A method to model wood by using ABAQUS finite element software. Part 2. Application to dowel type connections. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2008. 68 p. (VTT Publications; No. 690).