A model of biomass char gasification describing the change in catalytic activity of ash

Kentaro Umeki (Corresponding Author), Antero Moilanen, Alberto Gómez-Barea, Jukka Konttinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

A comprehensive description of catalytic effects during char gasification under various conditions relevant to biomass gasification was made. A three-parallel reaction model was proposed to describe the dynamic change in catalytic activity of ash during gasification of biomass char particles. Three different regimes of conversion were identified by analyzing char reactivity experiments conducted in a vertical TGA with nine biomasses under a wide range of operating conditions (temperature: 1023–1123 K, pressure: 0.1–3.0 MPa and gasification mixtures of CO2–CO–H2O–H2): (1) catalytic char gasification with deactivation of catalyst, (2) non-catalytic char gasification, and (3) catalytic char gasification with small amount of stable ash, without suffering deactivation. A model including the three regimes was developed and the measurements were used to fit the kinetic coefficients. It is shown that the model accurately predicts the reactivity of biomass char in CO2–CO mixtures during the whole range of conversion. It was detected that char gasification maintains the catalytic activity during the entire conversion process when: (i) biomasses having small amount of silicon was used, and (ii) steam is used as part of the gasification agent. The model is still useful as predicting tool for these two conditions but its physical significance is contestable on the light of the model developed. For the conditions where the model is valid, it is shown that the model is a useful tool as sub-model in reactor simulations, predicting the conversion rate of single particles fast and accurately at different stages of conversion. The aspects that need to be further investigated for expanding the applicability of the model were identified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-624
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume207-208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event22nd International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering - Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 2 Sep 20125 Sep 2012
Conference number: 22

Fingerprint

Ashes
Gasification
Catalyst activity
Biomass
ash
biomass
gasification
Steam
Silicon
silicon

Keywords

  • Alkali and alkaline earth metals
  • biomass
  • catalyst
  • char gasification
  • modeling
  • silicon

Cite this

Umeki, Kentaro ; Moilanen, Antero ; Gómez-Barea, Alberto ; Konttinen, Jukka. / A model of biomass char gasification describing the change in catalytic activity of ash. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 207-208. pp. 616-624.
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abstract = "A comprehensive description of catalytic effects during char gasification under various conditions relevant to biomass gasification was made. A three-parallel reaction model was proposed to describe the dynamic change in catalytic activity of ash during gasification of biomass char particles. Three different regimes of conversion were identified by analyzing char reactivity experiments conducted in a vertical TGA with nine biomasses under a wide range of operating conditions (temperature: 1023–1123 K, pressure: 0.1–3.0 MPa and gasification mixtures of CO2–CO–H2O–H2): (1) catalytic char gasification with deactivation of catalyst, (2) non-catalytic char gasification, and (3) catalytic char gasification with small amount of stable ash, without suffering deactivation. A model including the three regimes was developed and the measurements were used to fit the kinetic coefficients. It is shown that the model accurately predicts the reactivity of biomass char in CO2–CO mixtures during the whole range of conversion. It was detected that char gasification maintains the catalytic activity during the entire conversion process when: (i) biomasses having small amount of silicon was used, and (ii) steam is used as part of the gasification agent. The model is still useful as predicting tool for these two conditions but its physical significance is contestable on the light of the model developed. For the conditions where the model is valid, it is shown that the model is a useful tool as sub-model in reactor simulations, predicting the conversion rate of single particles fast and accurately at different stages of conversion. The aspects that need to be further investigated for expanding the applicability of the model were identified.",
keywords = "Alkali and alkaline earth metals, biomass, catalyst, char gasification, modeling, silicon",
author = "Kentaro Umeki and Antero Moilanen and Alberto G{\'o}mez-Barea and Jukka Konttinen",
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A model of biomass char gasification describing the change in catalytic activity of ash. / Umeki, Kentaro (Corresponding Author); Moilanen, Antero; Gómez-Barea, Alberto; Konttinen, Jukka.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 207-208, 2012, p. 616-624.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A model of biomass char gasification describing the change in catalytic activity of ash

AU - Umeki, Kentaro

AU - Moilanen, Antero

AU - Gómez-Barea, Alberto

AU - Konttinen, Jukka

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - A comprehensive description of catalytic effects during char gasification under various conditions relevant to biomass gasification was made. A three-parallel reaction model was proposed to describe the dynamic change in catalytic activity of ash during gasification of biomass char particles. Three different regimes of conversion were identified by analyzing char reactivity experiments conducted in a vertical TGA with nine biomasses under a wide range of operating conditions (temperature: 1023–1123 K, pressure: 0.1–3.0 MPa and gasification mixtures of CO2–CO–H2O–H2): (1) catalytic char gasification with deactivation of catalyst, (2) non-catalytic char gasification, and (3) catalytic char gasification with small amount of stable ash, without suffering deactivation. A model including the three regimes was developed and the measurements were used to fit the kinetic coefficients. It is shown that the model accurately predicts the reactivity of biomass char in CO2–CO mixtures during the whole range of conversion. It was detected that char gasification maintains the catalytic activity during the entire conversion process when: (i) biomasses having small amount of silicon was used, and (ii) steam is used as part of the gasification agent. The model is still useful as predicting tool for these two conditions but its physical significance is contestable on the light of the model developed. For the conditions where the model is valid, it is shown that the model is a useful tool as sub-model in reactor simulations, predicting the conversion rate of single particles fast and accurately at different stages of conversion. The aspects that need to be further investigated for expanding the applicability of the model were identified.

AB - A comprehensive description of catalytic effects during char gasification under various conditions relevant to biomass gasification was made. A three-parallel reaction model was proposed to describe the dynamic change in catalytic activity of ash during gasification of biomass char particles. Three different regimes of conversion were identified by analyzing char reactivity experiments conducted in a vertical TGA with nine biomasses under a wide range of operating conditions (temperature: 1023–1123 K, pressure: 0.1–3.0 MPa and gasification mixtures of CO2–CO–H2O–H2): (1) catalytic char gasification with deactivation of catalyst, (2) non-catalytic char gasification, and (3) catalytic char gasification with small amount of stable ash, without suffering deactivation. A model including the three regimes was developed and the measurements were used to fit the kinetic coefficients. It is shown that the model accurately predicts the reactivity of biomass char in CO2–CO mixtures during the whole range of conversion. It was detected that char gasification maintains the catalytic activity during the entire conversion process when: (i) biomasses having small amount of silicon was used, and (ii) steam is used as part of the gasification agent. The model is still useful as predicting tool for these two conditions but its physical significance is contestable on the light of the model developed. For the conditions where the model is valid, it is shown that the model is a useful tool as sub-model in reactor simulations, predicting the conversion rate of single particles fast and accurately at different stages of conversion. The aspects that need to be further investigated for expanding the applicability of the model were identified.

KW - Alkali and alkaline earth metals

KW - biomass

KW - catalyst

KW - char gasification

KW - modeling

KW - silicon

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DO - 10.1016/j.cej.2012.07.025

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VL - 207-208

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JO - Chemical Engineering Journal

JF - Chemical Engineering Journal

SN - 1385-8947

ER -