A multi-criteria analysis of climate, health and acidification impacts due to greenhouse gases and air pollution

The case of household-level heating technologies

Tommi Ekholm, N. Karvosenoja, J. Tissari, Laura Sokka, K. Kupiainen, O. Sippula, M. Savolahti, Jorma Jokiniemi, Ilkka Savolainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper considers the climate, health and acidification impacts associated with household-level heating technologies; the policy-based incentives that current emission limits might create for switching between these technologies; and the societal costs that would arise from the externalities associated with the emissions. The data and selection of appliances are applicable to Finland, but the approach can be used to analyse also other countries with similar environmental policies. The results indicate that none of the assessed technologies outperforms the others in every impact category, and that trade-offs need to be made between the impacts. Two perspectives are used to compare these trade-offs. From a policy point of view, a switch from light oil to any of the studied biomass-based appliances would help to achieve national emission limits for CO2 and SO2. However, such a switch could potentially increase the externality costs to the society due to increased population exposure to primary PM2.5. Based on this, the results suggest that the present emission reduction policies create incentives that can possibly direct decisions toward sub-optimal technology choices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-509
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Acidification
Air pollution
Greenhouse gases
acidification
greenhouse gas
atmospheric pollution
Health
heating
Heating
climate
incentive
Switches
cost
environmental policy
Costs
Biomass
health
analysis
household
oil

Keywords

  • heating
  • climate
  • air pollution
  • greenhouse gases
  • residential wood combustion
  • emissions

Cite this

Ekholm, Tommi ; Karvosenoja, N. ; Tissari, J. ; Sokka, Laura ; Kupiainen, K. ; Sippula, O. ; Savolahti, M. ; Jokiniemi, Jorma ; Savolainen, Ilkka. / A multi-criteria analysis of climate, health and acidification impacts due to greenhouse gases and air pollution : The case of household-level heating technologies. In: Energy Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 74. pp. 499-509.
@article{931f5197be8c479dbf7b651ae19a1671,
title = "A multi-criteria analysis of climate, health and acidification impacts due to greenhouse gases and air pollution: The case of household-level heating technologies",
abstract = "This paper considers the climate, health and acidification impacts associated with household-level heating technologies; the policy-based incentives that current emission limits might create for switching between these technologies; and the societal costs that would arise from the externalities associated with the emissions. The data and selection of appliances are applicable to Finland, but the approach can be used to analyse also other countries with similar environmental policies. The results indicate that none of the assessed technologies outperforms the others in every impact category, and that trade-offs need to be made between the impacts. Two perspectives are used to compare these trade-offs. From a policy point of view, a switch from light oil to any of the studied biomass-based appliances would help to achieve national emission limits for CO2 and SO2. However, such a switch could potentially increase the externality costs to the society due to increased population exposure to primary PM2.5. Based on this, the results suggest that the present emission reduction policies create incentives that can possibly direct decisions toward sub-optimal technology choices.",
keywords = "heating, climate, air pollution, greenhouse gases, residential wood combustion, emissions",
author = "Tommi Ekholm and N. Karvosenoja and J. Tissari and Laura Sokka and K. Kupiainen and O. Sippula and M. Savolahti and Jorma Jokiniemi and Ilkka Savolainen",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.enpol.2014.07.002",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "499--509",
journal = "Energy Policy",
issn = "0301-4215",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

A multi-criteria analysis of climate, health and acidification impacts due to greenhouse gases and air pollution : The case of household-level heating technologies. / Ekholm, Tommi; Karvosenoja, N.; Tissari, J.; Sokka, Laura; Kupiainen, K.; Sippula, O.; Savolahti, M.; Jokiniemi, Jorma; Savolainen, Ilkka.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 74, 2014, p. 499-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A multi-criteria analysis of climate, health and acidification impacts due to greenhouse gases and air pollution

T2 - The case of household-level heating technologies

AU - Ekholm, Tommi

AU - Karvosenoja, N.

AU - Tissari, J.

AU - Sokka, Laura

AU - Kupiainen, K.

AU - Sippula, O.

AU - Savolahti, M.

AU - Jokiniemi, Jorma

AU - Savolainen, Ilkka

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This paper considers the climate, health and acidification impacts associated with household-level heating technologies; the policy-based incentives that current emission limits might create for switching between these technologies; and the societal costs that would arise from the externalities associated with the emissions. The data and selection of appliances are applicable to Finland, but the approach can be used to analyse also other countries with similar environmental policies. The results indicate that none of the assessed technologies outperforms the others in every impact category, and that trade-offs need to be made between the impacts. Two perspectives are used to compare these trade-offs. From a policy point of view, a switch from light oil to any of the studied biomass-based appliances would help to achieve national emission limits for CO2 and SO2. However, such a switch could potentially increase the externality costs to the society due to increased population exposure to primary PM2.5. Based on this, the results suggest that the present emission reduction policies create incentives that can possibly direct decisions toward sub-optimal technology choices.

AB - This paper considers the climate, health and acidification impacts associated with household-level heating technologies; the policy-based incentives that current emission limits might create for switching between these technologies; and the societal costs that would arise from the externalities associated with the emissions. The data and selection of appliances are applicable to Finland, but the approach can be used to analyse also other countries with similar environmental policies. The results indicate that none of the assessed technologies outperforms the others in every impact category, and that trade-offs need to be made between the impacts. Two perspectives are used to compare these trade-offs. From a policy point of view, a switch from light oil to any of the studied biomass-based appliances would help to achieve national emission limits for CO2 and SO2. However, such a switch could potentially increase the externality costs to the society due to increased population exposure to primary PM2.5. Based on this, the results suggest that the present emission reduction policies create incentives that can possibly direct decisions toward sub-optimal technology choices.

KW - heating

KW - climate

KW - air pollution

KW - greenhouse gases

KW - residential wood combustion

KW - emissions

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.07.002

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 499

EP - 509

JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

ER -