This paper describes a real application of a multicriteria approach to choosing among different options for developing the Helsinki harbor. In addition to the environmental impact assessment procedure, an analysis of the alternatives using the SMAA-method (Stochastic Multiobjective Acceptability Analysis) is carried out. The method applied here has been developed for situations in which the use of decision-makers’ preference information is not possible. Instead, the problem is described by typical weight vectors leading to each solution, taking into account the evident uncertainty embedded in the criteria values.
Hokkanen, J., Lahdelma, R., & Salminen, P. (1999). A multiple criteria decision model for analyzing and choosing among different development patterns for the Helsinki cargo harbor. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 33(1), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0121(98)00007-X