A new dual biocide concept for fine papermaking

Jani Kiuru, Jenni Sievänen, Irina Tsitko, Heikki Pajari, Pauliina Tukiainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    Electrochemical generation of oxidants was studied to find new solutions to control microbial contamination at paper mills. Laboratory and semi-pilot trials using a Wet End Simulator indicated that the combination of an electrochemically produced halogen-containing oxidant together with sodium percarbonate was an efficient new biocide concept, especially in fine papermaking. Addition of sodium percarbonate considerably reduced the need for halogen-containing biocides, thus lessening risk of corrosion. The trials with samples from fine paper machines indicated that the new concept required halogenated biocides to be dosed first, and the time delay between additions of biocide needed to be sufficient to ensure that no residual halogen was left when sodium percarbonate was added. Electrochemical generation enables on-site biocide production, which decreases transportation cost, risk associated with storage of hazardous chemicals, and biocide lost due to degradation. Thus, on-site generation of biocides together with potential reduction in amount of halogen containing oxidants make this dual concept economically attractive and environmentally positive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2145-2160
    Number of pages16
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Biocide
    • oxidant
    • papermaking
    • white water
    • broke
    • electrochemical treatment
    • microorganism control


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