A novel cement-based hybrid material

Albert Nasibulin (Corresponding Author), S. D. Shandakov, L. I. Nasibulina, A. Cwirzen, P. R. Mudimela, K. Habermehl-Cwirzen, D. A. Grishin, Y. V. Gavrilov, J. E. M. Malm, Unto Tapper, Y. Tian, V. Penttala, M.J. Karppinen, Esko I. Kauppinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) are known to possess exceptional tensile strength, elastic modulus and electrical and thermal conductivity. They are promising candidates for the next-generation high-performance structural and multi-functional composite materials. However, one of the largest obstacles to creating strong, electrically or thermally conductive CNT/CNF composites is the difficulty of getting a good dispersion of the carbon nanomaterials in a matrix. Typically, time-consuming steps of purification and functionalization of the carbon nanomaterial are required. We propose a new approach to grow CNTs/CNFs directly on the surface of matrix particles. As the matrix we selected cement, the most important construction material. We synthesized in a simple one-step process a novel cement hybrid material (CHM), wherein CNTs and CNFs are attached to the cement particles. The CHM has been proven to increase 2 times the compressive strength and 40 times the electrical conductivity of the hardened paste, i.e. concrete without sand.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023013
Number of pages11
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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cements
carbon
carbon nanotubes
matrices
electrical resistivity
composite materials
compressive strength
purification
tensile strength
sands
modulus of elasticity
thermal conductivity

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Nasibulin, A., Shandakov, S. D., Nasibulina, L. I., Cwirzen, A., Mudimela, P. R., Habermehl-Cwirzen, K., ... Kauppinen, E. I. (2009). A novel cement-based hybrid material. New Journal of Physics, 11(2), [023013]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023013
Nasibulin, Albert ; Shandakov, S. D. ; Nasibulina, L. I. ; Cwirzen, A. ; Mudimela, P. R. ; Habermehl-Cwirzen, K. ; Grishin, D. A. ; Gavrilov, Y. V. ; Malm, J. E. M. ; Tapper, Unto ; Tian, Y. ; Penttala, V. ; Karppinen, M.J. ; Kauppinen, Esko I. / A novel cement-based hybrid material. In: New Journal of Physics. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 2.
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abstract = "Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) are known to possess exceptional tensile strength, elastic modulus and electrical and thermal conductivity. They are promising candidates for the next-generation high-performance structural and multi-functional composite materials. However, one of the largest obstacles to creating strong, electrically or thermally conductive CNT/CNF composites is the difficulty of getting a good dispersion of the carbon nanomaterials in a matrix. Typically, time-consuming steps of purification and functionalization of the carbon nanomaterial are required. We propose a new approach to grow CNTs/CNFs directly on the surface of matrix particles. As the matrix we selected cement, the most important construction material. We synthesized in a simple one-step process a novel cement hybrid material (CHM), wherein CNTs and CNFs are attached to the cement particles. The CHM has been proven to increase 2 times the compressive strength and 40 times the electrical conductivity of the hardened paste, i.e. concrete without sand.",
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Nasibulin, A, Shandakov, SD, Nasibulina, LI, Cwirzen, A, Mudimela, PR, Habermehl-Cwirzen, K, Grishin, DA, Gavrilov, YV, Malm, JEM, Tapper, U, Tian, Y, Penttala, V, Karppinen, MJ & Kauppinen, EI 2009, 'A novel cement-based hybrid material', New Journal of Physics, vol. 11, no. 2, 023013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023013

A novel cement-based hybrid material. / Nasibulin, Albert (Corresponding Author); Shandakov, S. D.; Nasibulina, L. I.; Cwirzen, A.; Mudimela, P. R.; Habermehl-Cwirzen, K.; Grishin, D. A.; Gavrilov, Y. V.; Malm, J. E. M.; Tapper, Unto; Tian, Y.; Penttala, V.; Karppinen, M.J.; Kauppinen, Esko I. (Corresponding Author).

In: New Journal of Physics, Vol. 11, No. 2, 023013, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A novel cement-based hybrid material

AU - Nasibulin, Albert

AU - Shandakov, S. D.

AU - Nasibulina, L. I.

AU - Cwirzen, A.

AU - Mudimela, P. R.

AU - Habermehl-Cwirzen, K.

AU - Grishin, D. A.

AU - Gavrilov, Y. V.

AU - Malm, J. E. M.

AU - Tapper, Unto

AU - Tian, Y.

AU - Penttala, V.

AU - Karppinen, M.J.

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) are known to possess exceptional tensile strength, elastic modulus and electrical and thermal conductivity. They are promising candidates for the next-generation high-performance structural and multi-functional composite materials. However, one of the largest obstacles to creating strong, electrically or thermally conductive CNT/CNF composites is the difficulty of getting a good dispersion of the carbon nanomaterials in a matrix. Typically, time-consuming steps of purification and functionalization of the carbon nanomaterial are required. We propose a new approach to grow CNTs/CNFs directly on the surface of matrix particles. As the matrix we selected cement, the most important construction material. We synthesized in a simple one-step process a novel cement hybrid material (CHM), wherein CNTs and CNFs are attached to the cement particles. The CHM has been proven to increase 2 times the compressive strength and 40 times the electrical conductivity of the hardened paste, i.e. concrete without sand.

AB - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) are known to possess exceptional tensile strength, elastic modulus and electrical and thermal conductivity. They are promising candidates for the next-generation high-performance structural and multi-functional composite materials. However, one of the largest obstacles to creating strong, electrically or thermally conductive CNT/CNF composites is the difficulty of getting a good dispersion of the carbon nanomaterials in a matrix. Typically, time-consuming steps of purification and functionalization of the carbon nanomaterial are required. We propose a new approach to grow CNTs/CNFs directly on the surface of matrix particles. As the matrix we selected cement, the most important construction material. We synthesized in a simple one-step process a novel cement hybrid material (CHM), wherein CNTs and CNFs are attached to the cement particles. The CHM has been proven to increase 2 times the compressive strength and 40 times the electrical conductivity of the hardened paste, i.e. concrete without sand.

U2 - 10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023013

DO - 10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023013

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - New Journal of Physics

JF - New Journal of Physics

SN - 1367-2630

IS - 2

M1 - 023013

ER -

Nasibulin A, Shandakov SD, Nasibulina LI, Cwirzen A, Mudimela PR, Habermehl-Cwirzen K et al. A novel cement-based hybrid material. New Journal of Physics. 2009;11(2). 023013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/11/2/023013