A method is presented for the isolation of genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes without any knowledge of the corresponding proteins. cDNA made from the organism of interest is cloned into a yeast vector to construct an expression library in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Colonies producing hydrolytic enzymes are screened by activity plate assays. In this work, we constructed a yeast expression library from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesel and isolated a new β‐1,4‐endoglucanase gene on plates containing β‐glucan. This gene, eg15, codes for a previously unknown small protein of 242 amino acids. Despite its small size, the protein contains two conservative domains found in Trichoderma cellulases, namely the cellulose‐binding domain (CBD) and the iinker region that connects the CBD to the catalytic core domain. Molecular modelling of the EGV CBD revealed some interesting structural differences compared to the CBD of the major celluiase CBHI from T. reesei. The catalytic core of EGV is unusually small for a ceiiulase and represents a new family of ceilulases (Family K) and of glycosyl hydrolases (Famlly 45) together with the endoglucanase B of Pseudomonas fluorescens and the endoglucanase V of Humicola insolens on the basis of hydrophobic ciuster anaiysis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|