The monitoring of timber structures exposed to natural climate fluctuations during their service life is an important topic for both their serviceability and safety. Numerical methods based on the recent advances in hygro-thermal modelling of wood can integrate the usual sensor-based monitoring techniques by reducing the maintenance costs for timber structures. In this paper, a 3D full coupled analysis based on the multi-Fickian theory with sorption hysteresis of wood is implemented in Abaqus FEM code by defining a new finite element in a user subroutine. To verify the method, the hygro-thermal behaviour of a glulam beam tested in laboratory under variable humidity within a previous research is analysed and the numerical values of moisture content are found to be in agreement with the experimental data. Furthermore, a numerical case-study of a glulam cross section under real climate variations is presented and the related results show the capability of the method to predict the moisture states in each points of the glulam member under continuously variable humidity and temperature.
|Journal||Advanced Materials Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|