An evacuation simulation module has been developed at VTT for the Fire Dynamics Simulator fire model. The key features of the new computational tool include: 1) agent-based simulation of humans as individuals, 2) the ability to simulate large and dense crowds, 3) the identifi cation of hazardous clogging situations by the inclusion of real physical forces appearing in the egress situations, 4) the capability to consider socio-psychological effects like small-groups, 5) exit selection, and 6) the interaction between fi re and humans. A series of evacuation experiments has been performed to obtain validation data for the model.
|Title of host publication||Scientific activities in Safety & Security 2009|
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|MoE publication type||D2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material|