A PMMA flammability analysis using the MCC: effect of specimen mass

Qiang Xü (Corresponding Author), Cong Jin, Gregory J. Griffin, Anna Matala, Simo Hostikka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A serial of tests were carried out to evaluate the effect of specimen mass on the test results for PMMA conducted in a micro-scale combustion calorimeter. Seven heating rates were used to test specimens of mass ranging from 0.5 to 6.0 mg with nominal interval of 0.5 mg. Eighty-five specimens were tested. Heat release rate, onset temperature, temperature at maximum heat release rate, total heat release, and heat release capacity were determined. The influence of specimen mass at each heating rate was analyzed. Specimen mass influences the maximum heat release rate, onset temperature, and temperature at maximum heat release rate significantly. The higher the heating rate, the greater the influence. Reliable results could be obtained as long as the specimen mass is more than 1 mg with oxygen concentration above 5 %; thus, the oxygen concentration limit might be extended from 10 to 5 %.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1831-1840
    JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
    Volume126
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    flammability
    Flammability
    Polymethyl Methacrylate
    Heating rate
    heat
    Oxygen
    heating
    Temperature
    Calorimeters
    Enthalpy
    temperature
    oxygen
    Hot Temperature
    calorimeters
    intervals

    Keywords

    • calorimeters
    • combustion
    • flammability
    • polymethyl methacrylates
    • heat release capacities
    • heat release rate (HRR)
    • maximum heat release rate
    • onset temperature
    • oxygen concentrations
    • reliable results
    • specimen mass
    • total heat release

    Cite this

    Xü, Qiang ; Jin, Cong ; Griffin, Gregory J. ; Matala, Anna ; Hostikka, Simo. / A PMMA flammability analysis using the MCC: effect of specimen mass. In: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 2016 ; Vol. 126, No. 3. pp. 1831-1840.
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    title = "A PMMA flammability analysis using the MCC: effect of specimen mass",
    abstract = "A serial of tests were carried out to evaluate the effect of specimen mass on the test results for PMMA conducted in a micro-scale combustion calorimeter. Seven heating rates were used to test specimens of mass ranging from 0.5 to 6.0 mg with nominal interval of 0.5 mg. Eighty-five specimens were tested. Heat release rate, onset temperature, temperature at maximum heat release rate, total heat release, and heat release capacity were determined. The influence of specimen mass at each heating rate was analyzed. Specimen mass influences the maximum heat release rate, onset temperature, and temperature at maximum heat release rate significantly. The higher the heating rate, the greater the influence. Reliable results could be obtained as long as the specimen mass is more than 1 mg with oxygen concentration above 5 {\%}; thus, the oxygen concentration limit might be extended from 10 to 5 {\%}.",
    keywords = "calorimeters, combustion, flammability, polymethyl methacrylates, heat release capacities, heat release rate (HRR), maximum heat release rate, onset temperature, oxygen concentrations, reliable results, specimen mass, total heat release",
    author = "Qiang X{\"u} and Cong Jin and Griffin, {Gregory J.} and Anna Matala and Simo Hostikka",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1007/s10973-016-5688-z",
    language = "English",
    volume = "126",
    pages = "1831--1840",
    journal = "Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry",
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    A PMMA flammability analysis using the MCC: effect of specimen mass. / Xü, Qiang (Corresponding Author); Jin, Cong; Griffin, Gregory J.; Matala, Anna; Hostikka, Simo.

    In: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 126, No. 3, 2016, p. 1831-1840.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A PMMA flammability analysis using the MCC: effect of specimen mass

    AU - Xü, Qiang

    AU - Jin, Cong

    AU - Griffin, Gregory J.

    AU - Matala, Anna

    AU - Hostikka, Simo

    PY - 2016

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    N2 - A serial of tests were carried out to evaluate the effect of specimen mass on the test results for PMMA conducted in a micro-scale combustion calorimeter. Seven heating rates were used to test specimens of mass ranging from 0.5 to 6.0 mg with nominal interval of 0.5 mg. Eighty-five specimens were tested. Heat release rate, onset temperature, temperature at maximum heat release rate, total heat release, and heat release capacity were determined. The influence of specimen mass at each heating rate was analyzed. Specimen mass influences the maximum heat release rate, onset temperature, and temperature at maximum heat release rate significantly. The higher the heating rate, the greater the influence. Reliable results could be obtained as long as the specimen mass is more than 1 mg with oxygen concentration above 5 %; thus, the oxygen concentration limit might be extended from 10 to 5 %.

    AB - A serial of tests were carried out to evaluate the effect of specimen mass on the test results for PMMA conducted in a micro-scale combustion calorimeter. Seven heating rates were used to test specimens of mass ranging from 0.5 to 6.0 mg with nominal interval of 0.5 mg. Eighty-five specimens were tested. Heat release rate, onset temperature, temperature at maximum heat release rate, total heat release, and heat release capacity were determined. The influence of specimen mass at each heating rate was analyzed. Specimen mass influences the maximum heat release rate, onset temperature, and temperature at maximum heat release rate significantly. The higher the heating rate, the greater the influence. Reliable results could be obtained as long as the specimen mass is more than 1 mg with oxygen concentration above 5 %; thus, the oxygen concentration limit might be extended from 10 to 5 %.

    KW - calorimeters

    KW - combustion

    KW - flammability

    KW - polymethyl methacrylates

    KW - heat release capacities

    KW - heat release rate (HRR)

    KW - maximum heat release rate

    KW - onset temperature

    KW - oxygen concentrations

    KW - reliable results

    KW - specimen mass

    KW - total heat release

    U2 - 10.1007/s10973-016-5688-z

    DO - 10.1007/s10973-016-5688-z

    M3 - Article

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    JO - Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

    JF - Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

    SN - 1388-6150

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    ER -