A proposal for the goals and new techniques of modelling pedestrian evacuation in fires

Timo Korhonen, Simo Hostikka, Olavi Keski-Rahkonen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this article, we propose the goals for evacuation simulations in the context of the fire safety engineering. It is proposed that the safety of a building design should be measured using F-N plots that are based on the fire statistics. A new evacuation code is developed that allows the modelling of ‘panic’ situations and interaction between evacuation simulation and the state-of-the-art fire simulation. The major features of the new code are described and first preliminary results are shown. The method presented was found to run satisfactorily, and fast enough for practical purposes. When the results were compared against the results obtained using Simulex and building Exodus codes, a good agreement was found in two of the three cases but for a case with congested corridor considerable differences occurred.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFire Safety Science
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the eighth international symposium
    EditorsDaniel T. Gottuk, Brian Y. Lattimer
    PublisherInternational association for fire safety science
    Pages557-567
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event8th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, IAFSS 2005 - Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    Duration: 18 Sep 200523 Sep 2005
    Conference number: 8

    Publication series

    SeriesFire safety science
    Volume8
    ISSN1817-4299

    Conference

    Conference8th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, IAFSS 2005
    Abbreviated titleIAFSS 2005
    CountryChina
    CityBeijing
    Period18/09/0523/09/05

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    Cite this

    Korhonen, T., Hostikka, S., & Keski-Rahkonen, O. (2005). A proposal for the goals and new techniques of modelling pedestrian evacuation in fires. In D. T. Gottuk, & B. Y. Lattimer (Eds.), Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the eighth international symposium (pp. 557-567). International association for fire safety science. Fire safety science, Vol.. 8 https://doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.8-557