A Routing Protocol for UAV-assisted Vehicular Delay Tolerant Networks

Zhaoyang Du, Celimuge Wu, Tsutomu Yoshinaga, Xianfu Chen, Xiaoyan Wang, Kok-Lim Alvin Yau, Yusheng Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Vehicular delay tolerant networks (VDTNs) enable information sharing among mobile nodes in scenarios where cellular base stations are unavailable and the connections between the mobile nodes are intermittent. While unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have shown to improve the performance of VDTNs, existing routing protocols, such as PRoPHET, consider the encounter probability between mobile nodes only, which does not fully address the characteristics of UAVs in route selection. In this paper, we propose a routing protocol, which considers both the encounter probability and the persistent connection time between mobile nodes for each encounter, in UAV-assisted VDTNs. By introducing the persistent connection time in route selection, the proposed protocol is able to evaluate the stability of a communication link more accurately in the UAV-assisted VDTN environment. The proposed protocol is evaluated using realistic simulations by comparing it with existing baselines. The simulation results verify that the proposed protocol can improve the reliability of message forwarding while reducing network overhead and end-to-end delay.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9336218
Pages (from-to)85-98
Number of pages14
Journal IEEE Open Journal of the Computer Society
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Delay tolerant network
  • routing protocol
  • unmanned aerial vehicle


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