A process model for pressurised fluidised-bed gasification of biomass was developed using Aspen Plus simulation software. Eight main blocks were used to model the fluidised-bed gasifier, complemented with FORTRAN subroutines nested in the programme to simulate hydrocarbon and NH3 formation as well as carbon conversion. The model was validated with experimental data derived from a PDU-scale test rig operated with various types of biomass. The model was shown to be suitable for simulating the gasification of pine sawdust, pine and eucalyptus chips as well as forest residues, but not for pine bark or wheat straw.
- Aspen Plus