A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content

Mohammadhassan Safavi, Saeed Bastani, Zhi Zhang, Martti Forsell, Olli Mämmelä, Björn Landfeldt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose an end-to-end approach to describe the energy usage of video delivery within a content delivery framework, and use this to investigate the energy usage behavior of two popular coding schemes, namely, H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC. Our study based on the proposed model is backed up by measurements of encoding and decoding energy usage of a sample video and shows that, from an end-to-end perspective, taking into account all the elements of a content delivery network, neither of the coding formats is always dominant in terms of energy saving. We also find that the popularity of video content is a key parameter for predicting which encoding scheme saves most energy. In particular, we find that H.265 encoded content results in lower energy usage if the content is highly popular. On the other hand, for a content with predicted low popularity, more saving is achieved if H.264/AVC is used. This lead us to calculate a hybrid content delivery scheme, where the contents with low popularity are encoded and delivered in H.264/AVC format, whereas content of high popularity are encoded and delivered in the H.265/HEVC format. Also, our findings offer new insights into which elements of energy usage should be the focus of future research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE
Pages170-176
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-2558-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-2559-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event21st IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 23 Oct 201625 Oct 2016
Conference number: 21

Conference

Conference21st IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks
Abbreviated titleCAMAD 2016
CountryCanada
CityToronto
Period23/10/1625/10/16

Fingerprint

Decoding
Energy conservation

Keywords

  • content delivery
  • energy consumption
  • video coding

Cite this

Safavi, M., Bastani, S., Zhang, Z., Forsell, M., Mämmelä, O., & Landfeldt, B. (2016). A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content. In Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on (pp. 170-176). Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CAMAD.2016.7790353
Safavi, Mohammadhassan ; Bastani, Saeed ; Zhang, Zhi ; Forsell, Martti ; Mämmelä, Olli ; Landfeldt, Björn. / A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content. Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on . Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2016. pp. 170-176
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Safavi, M, Bastani, S, Zhang, Z, Forsell, M, Mämmelä, O & Landfeldt, B 2016, A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content. in Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on . Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, pp. 170-176, 21st IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, Toronto, Canada, 23/10/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/CAMAD.2016.7790353

A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content. / Safavi, Mohammadhassan; Bastani, Saeed; Zhang, Zhi; Forsell, Martti; Mämmelä, Olli; Landfeldt, Björn.

Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on . Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2016. p. 170-176.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content

AU - Safavi, Mohammadhassan

AU - Bastani, Saeed

AU - Zhang, Zhi

AU - Forsell, Martti

AU - Mämmelä, Olli

AU - Landfeldt, Björn

PY - 2016/12/22

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N2 - We propose an end-to-end approach to describe the energy usage of video delivery within a content delivery framework, and use this to investigate the energy usage behavior of two popular coding schemes, namely, H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC. Our study based on the proposed model is backed up by measurements of encoding and decoding energy usage of a sample video and shows that, from an end-to-end perspective, taking into account all the elements of a content delivery network, neither of the coding formats is always dominant in terms of energy saving. We also find that the popularity of video content is a key parameter for predicting which encoding scheme saves most energy. In particular, we find that H.265 encoded content results in lower energy usage if the content is highly popular. On the other hand, for a content with predicted low popularity, more saving is achieved if H.264/AVC is used. This lead us to calculate a hybrid content delivery scheme, where the contents with low popularity are encoded and delivered in H.264/AVC format, whereas content of high popularity are encoded and delivered in the H.265/HEVC format. Also, our findings offer new insights into which elements of energy usage should be the focus of future research.

AB - We propose an end-to-end approach to describe the energy usage of video delivery within a content delivery framework, and use this to investigate the energy usage behavior of two popular coding schemes, namely, H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC. Our study based on the proposed model is backed up by measurements of encoding and decoding energy usage of a sample video and shows that, from an end-to-end perspective, taking into account all the elements of a content delivery network, neither of the coding formats is always dominant in terms of energy saving. We also find that the popularity of video content is a key parameter for predicting which encoding scheme saves most energy. In particular, we find that H.265 encoded content results in lower energy usage if the content is highly popular. On the other hand, for a content with predicted low popularity, more saving is achieved if H.264/AVC is used. This lead us to calculate a hybrid content delivery scheme, where the contents with low popularity are encoded and delivered in H.264/AVC format, whereas content of high popularity are encoded and delivered in the H.265/HEVC format. Also, our findings offer new insights into which elements of energy usage should be the focus of future research.

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BT - Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE

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Safavi M, Bastani S, Zhang Z, Forsell M, Mämmelä O, Landfeldt B. A study on energy used to deliver H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC video content. In Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on . Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. 2016. p. 170-176 https://doi.org/10.1109/CAMAD.2016.7790353