The accurate and reproducible determination of lignin molar mass by using size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is challenging. The lignin association effects, known to dominate underivatized lignins, have been thoroughly addressed by reaction with acetyl bromide in an excess of glacial acetic acid. The combination of a concerted acetylation with the introduction of bromine within the lignin alkyl side chains is thought to be responsible for the observed excellent solubilization characteristics acetobromination imparts to a variety of lignin samples. The proposed methodology was compared and contrasted to traditional lignin derivatization methods. In addition, side reactions that could possibly be induced under the acetobromination conditions were explored with native softwood (milled wood lignin, MWL) and technical (kraft) lignin. These efforts lend support toward the use of room temperature acetobromination being a facile, effective, and universal lignin derivatization medium proposed to be employed prior to SEC measurements.
- 31P NMR
- acetyl bromide
- kraft lignin
- milled wood lignin
- molar mass determination
- size exclusion chromatography
Asikkala, J., Tamminen, T., & Argyropoulos, D. S. (2012). Accurate and reproducible determination of lignin molar mass by acetobromination. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60(36), 8968-8973. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf303003d