ACEII, a Novel Transcriptional Activator Involved in Regulation of Cellulase and Xvlanase Genes of Trichoderma reesei

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Abstract

A novel yeast-based method to isolate transcriptional activators was applied to clone regulators binding to the cellulase promoter cbh1 of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina). This led to the isolation of the cellulase activator ace2 encoding for a protein belonging to the class of zinc binuclear cluster proteins found exclusively in fungi. The DNA-binding domain of ACEII was expressed as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein in Escherichia coli, and ACEII was shown to bind in vitro to the 5′-GGCTAATAA site present in the cbh1 promoter. This site also contains the proposed binding sequence of the xylanase activator XlnR of Aspergillus niger. Mutation of the GGC triplet abolished ACEII binding. The function of ACEII was studied by analyzing the effects of ace2 deletion in the hypercellulolytic T. reesei strain ALKO2221. Deletion of the ace2 gene led to lowered induction kinetics of mRNAs encoding the major cellulases cellobiohydrolases I and II and endoglucanases I and II and to 30-70% reduced cellulase activity when the fungus was grown on medium containing Solka floc cellulose. The expression level of the gene encoding xylanase was also affected. ace2 deletion led to lowered xyn2 expression in cellulose-induced cultivation. Cellulase induction by sophorose was not affected by ace2 deletion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24309-24314
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • cells
  • enzyme kinetics
  • Enzymes
  • genes
  • Yeast
  • gene coding
  • ACEII protein
  • cellulase
  • Aspergillus
  • Aspergillus niger
  • Escherichia coli
  • Fungi
  • Hypocrea jecorina
  • Trichoderma

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