Action of purified Trichoderma reesei cellulases on cotton fibers and yarn

Jaakko Pere (Corresponding Author), Arja Puolakka, Pertti Nousiainen, Johanna Buchert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this work the possibility and potential of treating cotton fibers and yarns instead of fabrics with monocomponent cellulases was investigated. Different pretreatments on fibers were performed and tested in order to improve the accessibility of cotton to enzymatic modification. The enzymatic treatments were evaluated microscopically and by analysing the effects of treated fibers on spinnability, yarn evenness, tenacity and pilling. The accessibility of the cotton fibers for cellulases could be increased by different pretreatments. Steaming of fibers prior to enzymatic treatment was found to be an efficient way to increase hydrolysis levels. Cellulase treatments of carded yarns resulted in modification of yarn properties. Decrease in yarn hairiness was observed and the knitted fabric made of the treated yarn showed a lowered tendency towards pilling. In all cases endoglucanase activity rather than cellobiohydrolase activity was responsible for these modifications.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)247-255
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Biotechnology
    Volume89
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Cotton Fiber
    Cellulases
    Cotton yarn
    Trichoderma
    Cotton fibers
    Cellulase
    Yarn
    Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase
    Hydrolysis
    Fibers
    Tenacity
    Cotton

    Cite this

    Pere, Jaakko ; Puolakka, Arja ; Nousiainen, Pertti ; Buchert, Johanna. / Action of purified Trichoderma reesei cellulases on cotton fibers and yarn. In: Journal of Biotechnology. 2001 ; Vol. 89, No. 2-3. pp. 247-255.
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    Action of purified Trichoderma reesei cellulases on cotton fibers and yarn. / Pere, Jaakko (Corresponding Author); Puolakka, Arja; Nousiainen, Pertti; Buchert, Johanna.

    In: Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 89, No. 2-3, 2001, p. 247-255.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Action of purified Trichoderma reesei cellulases on cotton fibers and yarn

    AU - Pere, Jaakko

    AU - Puolakka, Arja

    AU - Nousiainen, Pertti

    AU - Buchert, Johanna

    PY - 2001

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    AB - In this work the possibility and potential of treating cotton fibers and yarns instead of fabrics with monocomponent cellulases was investigated. Different pretreatments on fibers were performed and tested in order to improve the accessibility of cotton to enzymatic modification. The enzymatic treatments were evaluated microscopically and by analysing the effects of treated fibers on spinnability, yarn evenness, tenacity and pilling. The accessibility of the cotton fibers for cellulases could be increased by different pretreatments. Steaming of fibers prior to enzymatic treatment was found to be an efficient way to increase hydrolysis levels. Cellulase treatments of carded yarns resulted in modification of yarn properties. Decrease in yarn hairiness was observed and the knitted fabric made of the treated yarn showed a lowered tendency towards pilling. In all cases endoglucanase activity rather than cellobiohydrolase activity was responsible for these modifications.

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