Activity incorporation into the oxide films on stainless steel samples exposed to the primary coolant at Loviisa Unit 1 during 2000-2003

Iva Betova, Martin Bojinov, Petri Kinnunen, Timo Laitinen, Kari Mäkelä, Timo Saario, Pekka Sirkiä

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages18
    Publication statusPublished - 2004
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Report


    • high temperature water chemistry monitoring
    • VVER
    • stainless steel
    • surface treatments
    • activity build-up

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