Activity incorporation into the oxide films on stainless steel samples exposed to primary coolant at Loviisa Unit 1 during fuel cycle 2001-2002

Martin Bojinov, Petri Kinnunen, Timo Laitinen, Kari Mäkelä, Timo Saario, Pekka Sirkiä

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Report


  • high temperature water chemistry monitoring
  • VVER
  • stainless steel
  • surface treatments
  • activity build-up

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