Adhesion, friction and wear between polytetrafluoroethylene and nitrogen-implanted stainless steel

Erlin Yang, Juha-Pekka Hirvonen, Markku Räsänen, Risto Toivanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Adhesion, friction and wear of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), carbon-reinforced PTFE, and glass-reinforced PTFE in sliding contact with nitrogen-implanted and unimplanted AISI 316 stainless steel were determined. The transfer of PTFE within the first 10 unidirectional traverses was investigated using the 19F(p, αγ)16O nuclear reaction. External proton beam induced X-ray emission (PIXE) was used to determine the metal transfer from AISI 316 to pin heads.

Nitrogen implantation considerably reduced the transfer of PTFE to the steel surface, and the transfer of the metallic elements from stainless steel to the PTFE-based composites. Furthermore, a lower friction coefficient was observed for nitrogen-implanted samples within the first 400 revolutions. The wear of PTFE, glass-reinforced and carbon-reinforced PTFE pins was only slightly reduced on the nitrogen-implanted surface, although a significant improvement in the wear of the steel was observed. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) examination of wear debris revealed that PTFE was amorphized during the transfer process. However, no change in the structure of the pin head prior to the transfer was detected with an IR spectrophotometer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-151
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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