Adopting Hybrid Integrated Flexible Electronics in Products: Case—Personal Activity Meter

Terho Kololuoma, Mikko Keränen, Timo Kurkela, Tuomas Happonen, Marko Korkalainen, Minna Kehusmaa, Lucia Gomes, Aida Branco, Sami Ihme, Carlos Pinhero, Ilkka Kaisto, Ashley Colley, Kari Rönkä

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    In this case study, the possibilities of hybrid integration of printed and flexible electronics in combination with conventional electronic components to create new types of product concepts is demonstrated. The final result is a personal activity meter demonstrator, which is realized by utilizing various flexible electronics manufacturing and integration techniques. Roll-to-roll printing was used to print the electronic backplane as well as co-planar electrochromic (EC) display. A pick-and-place assembled microcontroller unit and accelerometer, together with passive components, provided the brains for the system. Injection molding was then utilized to create a structural electronics system including an EC display. To validate the feasibility and scalability of the processes used, 100 pieces of the personal activity meter were fabricated. Modeling with continuum computational fluid dynamics and numerical heat transfer, using the high-performance finite volume method, showed that high filling pressure and shear-stress are the key factors causing broken devices. The stability of the devices in harsh environmental conditions as well as in bending seem to be slightly improved in the over molded samples.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)761-768
    JournalIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme (Grant Number: 760973)


    Dive into the research topics of 'Adopting Hybrid Integrated Flexible Electronics in Products: Case—Personal Activity Meter'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this