The adsorption and the hydrolytic action of purified cellulases of Trichoderma reesei, namely, cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), endoglucanase II (EG II), and their core proteins, on steam-pretreated willow were compared. The two enzymes differed clearly in their adsorption and hydrolytic behavior. CBH I required the cellulose-binding domain (CBD) for efficient adsorption and hydrolysis, whereas EG II was able to adsorb to steam pretreated willow without its CBD. Absence of the CBD decreased the hydrolysis of cellulose by EG II, but the decrease was less pronounced than with CBH I. A linear relationship was observed between the amount of enzyme adsorbed and the degree of hydrolysis of cellulose only for CBHI. EG II and EG II core appeared to be able to hydrolyze only 1 to 2% of the substrate regardless of the amount of protein adsorbed.