Advances in the understanding of molybdenum effect on iodine and caesium reactivity in condensed phase in the primary circuit in nuclear severe accident conditions

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Abstract

In the case of a severe accident in a Light Water Reactor, the issue of late release of fission products, from the primary circuit surfaces is of particular concern due to the direct impact on the source term. CsI is the main iodine compound present in the primary circuit and can be deposited as particles or condensed species. Its chemistry can be affected by the presence of molybdenum, and can lead to the formation of gaseous iodine. The present work studied chemical reactions on the surfaces involving gaseous iodine release. CsI and MoO3 were used to highlight the effects of carrier gas composition and oxygen partial pressure on the reactions. The results revealed a noticeable effect of the presence of molybdenum on the formation of gaseous iodine, mainly identified as molecular iodine. In addition, the oxygen partial pressure prevailing in the studied conditions was an influential parameter in the reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1638-1649
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Engineering and Technology
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • iodine transport
  • molybdenum
  • oxygen partial pressure
  • primary circuit

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