Advancing design criteria for energy and environmental performance of buildings: Dissertation

Nusrat Jung

    Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles


    Globally, buildings are responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and 40% of energy consumption. The European Union's climate and energy policy framework for 2020 to 2030 requires reducing GHG emissions by 40%, increasing the level of energy savings by 25%, and increasing the share of renewable energy by at least 30% relative to 1990.
    The environmental and energy performance criteria for buildings will continually evolve to meet the aforementioned decarbonisation goals. Consequently, buildings will have an increased number of variables and alternatives that are to be evaluated for their performance, indicating increased complexity for building designers. The prospect of evaluating multiple building performance criteria necessitates integrated designing and planning tools, such as the use of Building Information Models (BIM), Building Performance Simulations (BPS), and methodologies for comparing and optimizing alternative design options.
    This dissertation presents new insights on advancing the design criteria for the energy and environmental performance of commercial and residential buildings. Specifically, the four associated journal publications demonstrate how building designers and the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry can integrate embodied GHG analysis, comprehensive BTM tools in conjunction with BPS analyses, and stochastic assessment of public perceptions to work towards buildings that are more energy-efficient, generate energy on-site, and have a smaller carbon footprint. Through comprehensive literature reviews, this dissertation outlines future research directions for BTM-based, iterative multi-criteria assessment for energy and environmental performance of buildings.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor Degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    • Lahdelma, Risto, Supervisor, External person
    • Airaksinen, Miimu, Advisor, External person
    Award date10 Aug 2018
    Print ISBNs978-952-60-8108-3, 978-951-38-8660-8
    Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-8109-0, 978-951-38-8659-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


    • energy performance
    • building performance simulation
    • environmental performance
    • embodied GHG
    • BIM
    • design
    • renewable energy technologies
    • social acceptance


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