Aerosol routes were used to produce fullerene particles in the nanometer size range. Particle formation mechanisms at processing temperatures of 400-700°C were studied by measuring particle number and mass size distributions in the gas phase by a differential mobility analyzer and a low-pressure impactor respectively. Subsequently, the foils of the impactor onto which fullerene particles were collected were examined by HPLC.
van Cleempoel, A., Joutsensaari, J., Kauppinen, E., Gijbels, R., & Claeys, M. (1998). Aerosol synthesis and characterization of ultrafine fullerene particles. Fullerene Science and Technology, 6(4), 599-627. https://doi.org/10.1080/10641229809350223