Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future

Markku Kallio, Heikki Oravainen, Eija Alakangas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

The intelligent Energy Programme is financing a European project called MixBioPells. The purpose of the work is to enhance the markets of alternative and mixed pellets. VTT with several partners and companies in Europe are participating in the project. The following companies from Finland are involved: Biobotnia Oy, Ariterm Oy, HT-Engineering Oy, Jalasjärven Lämpö Oy and Vapo Oy. There is a lack of wood-based raw materials for pellet production, or it is expensive. In many European countries more straw and grass material than wood is available for the raw material for pellet production. In this context mixed pellets mean pellets that are produced from non-wood and wood materials. Currently, the most commonly used raw materials include miscanthus, straw, reed canary grass and peat. Canada is also considering the use of switch grass and alfalfa as agricultural raw materials for fuel and feed. The combustion of mixed pellets is difficult due to the ash content, its melting and slagging tendencies, and emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Nordic Bioenergy 2011
Subtitle of host publicationBook of proceedings
EditorsMia Savolainen
Place of PublicationJyväskylä
Pages253-260
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventInternational Nordic Bioenergy 2011 - Jyväskylä, Finland
Duration: 5 Sep 20119 Sep 2011

Publication series

SeriesFinbio publications
Number51

Conference

ConferenceInternational Nordic Bioenergy 2011
CountryFinland
CityJyväskylä
Period5/09/119/09/11

Fingerprint

pellets
raw materials
straw
grasses
Phalaris arundinacea
Miscanthus
combustion
melting
ash content
funding
peat
Finland
alfalfa
engineering
Canada
markets
energy

Keywords

  • pellets
  • mixing
  • production
  • combustion
  • emissions

Cite this

Kallio, M., Oravainen, H., & Alakangas, E. (2011). Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future. In M. Savolainen (Ed.), International Nordic Bioenergy 2011: Book of proceedings (pp. 253-260). Jyväskylä. Finbio publications, No. 51
Kallio, Markku ; Oravainen, Heikki ; Alakangas, Eija. / Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future. International Nordic Bioenergy 2011: Book of proceedings. editor / Mia Savolainen. Jyväskylä, 2011. pp. 253-260 (Finbio publications; No. 51).
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abstract = "The intelligent Energy Programme is financing a European project called MixBioPells. The purpose of the work is to enhance the markets of alternative and mixed pellets. VTT with several partners and companies in Europe are participating in the project. The following companies from Finland are involved: Biobotnia Oy, Ariterm Oy, HT-Engineering Oy, Jalasj{\"a}rven L{\"a}mp{\"o} Oy and Vapo Oy. There is a lack of wood-based raw materials for pellet production, or it is expensive. In many European countries more straw and grass material than wood is available for the raw material for pellet production. In this context mixed pellets mean pellets that are produced from non-wood and wood materials. Currently, the most commonly used raw materials include miscanthus, straw, reed canary grass and peat. Canada is also considering the use of switch grass and alfalfa as agricultural raw materials for fuel and feed. The combustion of mixed pellets is difficult due to the ash content, its melting and slagging tendencies, and emissions.",
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Kallio, M, Oravainen, H & Alakangas, E 2011, Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future. in M Savolainen (ed.), International Nordic Bioenergy 2011: Book of proceedings. Jyväskylä, Finbio publications, no. 51, pp. 253-260, International Nordic Bioenergy 2011, Jyväskylä, Finland, 5/09/11.

Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future. / Kallio, Markku; Oravainen, Heikki; Alakangas, Eija.

International Nordic Bioenergy 2011: Book of proceedings. ed. / Mia Savolainen. Jyväskylä, 2011. p. 253-260 (Finbio publications; No. 51).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future

AU - Kallio, Markku

AU - Oravainen, Heikki

AU - Alakangas, Eija

N1 - Project code: 38876

PY - 2011

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N2 - The intelligent Energy Programme is financing a European project called MixBioPells. The purpose of the work is to enhance the markets of alternative and mixed pellets. VTT with several partners and companies in Europe are participating in the project. The following companies from Finland are involved: Biobotnia Oy, Ariterm Oy, HT-Engineering Oy, Jalasjärven Lämpö Oy and Vapo Oy. There is a lack of wood-based raw materials for pellet production, or it is expensive. In many European countries more straw and grass material than wood is available for the raw material for pellet production. In this context mixed pellets mean pellets that are produced from non-wood and wood materials. Currently, the most commonly used raw materials include miscanthus, straw, reed canary grass and peat. Canada is also considering the use of switch grass and alfalfa as agricultural raw materials for fuel and feed. The combustion of mixed pellets is difficult due to the ash content, its melting and slagging tendencies, and emissions.

AB - The intelligent Energy Programme is financing a European project called MixBioPells. The purpose of the work is to enhance the markets of alternative and mixed pellets. VTT with several partners and companies in Europe are participating in the project. The following companies from Finland are involved: Biobotnia Oy, Ariterm Oy, HT-Engineering Oy, Jalasjärven Lämpö Oy and Vapo Oy. There is a lack of wood-based raw materials for pellet production, or it is expensive. In many European countries more straw and grass material than wood is available for the raw material for pellet production. In this context mixed pellets mean pellets that are produced from non-wood and wood materials. Currently, the most commonly used raw materials include miscanthus, straw, reed canary grass and peat. Canada is also considering the use of switch grass and alfalfa as agricultural raw materials for fuel and feed. The combustion of mixed pellets is difficult due to the ash content, its melting and slagging tendencies, and emissions.

KW - pellets

KW - mixing

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KW - combustion

KW - emissions

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SN - 978-952-5135-51-0

T3 - Finbio publications

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Kallio M, Oravainen H, Alakangas E. Agropellets: Challenging fuel for the future. In Savolainen M, editor, International Nordic Bioenergy 2011: Book of proceedings. Jyväskylä. 2011. p. 253-260. (Finbio publications; No. 51).