Air flow field near a welding exhaust hood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Local ventilation is the most important method in the control of welding fumes. The present practice for dimensioning local exhaust is to select capture velocity and then calculate the required air flow, assuming that the contaminant source is located on the hood center-line. Empirical and analytical formulas for these centerline velocities have been derived for simple exhaust hood configurations. However, in more complex cases the velocities may be difficult to estimate. In this study a turbulent air flow field for a flanged welding exhaust hood was calculated numerically using the FLUENT computer code based on the finite volume method. The turbulence model used in the simulation was the standard two-equation κ-ε turbulence model. The accuracy of the calculations was verified by experimental measurements conducted under controlled conditions. The air velocities were measured with a laser-Doppler anemometer, which is a nonintrusive optical measurement method. The results showed that the complex shape of the welding hood has little effect on the air velocities in front of the exhaust hood. The air flow into the unobstructed exhaust hood can be predicted quite accurately provided that the calculation grid and the calculation domain are properly chosen. The results give guidelines for the proper position of the hood relative to the welding point.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)101 - 104
    Number of pages4
    JournalApplied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
    Volume12
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Welding
    Air
    Ventilation
    Lasers
    Guidelines

    Keywords

    • welding

    Cite this

    @article{f555ba1abd1843198c6ea4217ca6ac29,
    title = "Air flow field near a welding exhaust hood",
    abstract = "Local ventilation is the most important method in the control of welding fumes. The present practice for dimensioning local exhaust is to select capture velocity and then calculate the required air flow, assuming that the contaminant source is located on the hood center-line. Empirical and analytical formulas for these centerline velocities have been derived for simple exhaust hood configurations. However, in more complex cases the velocities may be difficult to estimate. In this study a turbulent air flow field for a flanged welding exhaust hood was calculated numerically using the FLUENT computer code based on the finite volume method. The turbulence model used in the simulation was the standard two-equation κ-ε turbulence model. The accuracy of the calculations was verified by experimental measurements conducted under controlled conditions. The air velocities were measured with a laser-Doppler anemometer, which is a nonintrusive optical measurement method. The results showed that the complex shape of the welding hood has little effect on the air velocities in front of the exhaust hood. The air flow into the unobstructed exhaust hood can be predicted quite accurately provided that the calculation grid and the calculation domain are properly chosen. The results give guidelines for the proper position of the hood relative to the welding point.",
    keywords = "welding",
    author = "Ilpo Kulmala",
    year = "1997",
    doi = "10.1080/1047322X.1997.10389468",
    language = "English",
    volume = "12",
    pages = "101 -- 104",
    journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene",
    issn = "1545-9624",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "2",

    }

    Air flow field near a welding exhaust hood. / Kulmala, Ilpo.

    In: Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1997, p. 101 - 104.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Air flow field near a welding exhaust hood

    AU - Kulmala, Ilpo

    PY - 1997

    Y1 - 1997

    N2 - Local ventilation is the most important method in the control of welding fumes. The present practice for dimensioning local exhaust is to select capture velocity and then calculate the required air flow, assuming that the contaminant source is located on the hood center-line. Empirical and analytical formulas for these centerline velocities have been derived for simple exhaust hood configurations. However, in more complex cases the velocities may be difficult to estimate. In this study a turbulent air flow field for a flanged welding exhaust hood was calculated numerically using the FLUENT computer code based on the finite volume method. The turbulence model used in the simulation was the standard two-equation κ-ε turbulence model. The accuracy of the calculations was verified by experimental measurements conducted under controlled conditions. The air velocities were measured with a laser-Doppler anemometer, which is a nonintrusive optical measurement method. The results showed that the complex shape of the welding hood has little effect on the air velocities in front of the exhaust hood. The air flow into the unobstructed exhaust hood can be predicted quite accurately provided that the calculation grid and the calculation domain are properly chosen. The results give guidelines for the proper position of the hood relative to the welding point.

    AB - Local ventilation is the most important method in the control of welding fumes. The present practice for dimensioning local exhaust is to select capture velocity and then calculate the required air flow, assuming that the contaminant source is located on the hood center-line. Empirical and analytical formulas for these centerline velocities have been derived for simple exhaust hood configurations. However, in more complex cases the velocities may be difficult to estimate. In this study a turbulent air flow field for a flanged welding exhaust hood was calculated numerically using the FLUENT computer code based on the finite volume method. The turbulence model used in the simulation was the standard two-equation κ-ε turbulence model. The accuracy of the calculations was verified by experimental measurements conducted under controlled conditions. The air velocities were measured with a laser-Doppler anemometer, which is a nonintrusive optical measurement method. The results showed that the complex shape of the welding hood has little effect on the air velocities in front of the exhaust hood. The air flow into the unobstructed exhaust hood can be predicted quite accurately provided that the calculation grid and the calculation domain are properly chosen. The results give guidelines for the proper position of the hood relative to the welding point.

    KW - welding

    U2 - 10.1080/1047322X.1997.10389468

    DO - 10.1080/1047322X.1997.10389468

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 101

    EP - 104

    JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene

    JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene

    SN - 1545-9624

    IS - 2

    ER -