Air-gap force distribution and vibration pattern of induction motors under dynamic eccentricity

P. V. Jover Rodriìguez (Corresponding Author), A. Belahcen, Antero Arkkio, Antti Laiho, José A. Antonino-Daviu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


A method for determining the signatures of dynamic eccentricity in the airgap force distribution and vibration pattern of induction machine is presented. The radial electromagnetic force distribution along the airgap, which is the main source of vibration, is calculated and developed into a double Fourier series in space and time. Finite element simulations of faulty and healthy machines are performed. They show that the electromagnetic force distribution is a sensible parameter to the changes in the machine condition. The computations show the existence of low frequency and low order force distributions, which can be used as identifiable signatures of the motor condition by measuring the corresponding low order vibration components. These findings are supported by vibration measurements and modal testing. The low frequency components offer an alternative way to the monitoring of slot passing frequencies, bringing new components that allow to discriminate between dynamic eccentricity and rotor mechanical unbalance. The method also revealed a non linear relationship between loading, stress waves and vibration during dynamic eccentricity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
JournalElectrical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Dynamic eccentricity
  • FEM
  • Fourier analysis
  • Induction motor
  • Stress
  • Vibration


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