Airway irritation of voc mixtures based on the emissions of the finishing materials - PVC floorings and paints

Jukka-Pekka Kasanen, Kirsi Villberg, Kristina Saarela, Pertti Pasanen, Pentti Kalliokoski, Anna-Liisa Pasanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


VOC emissions from building materials are assumed to cause irritation of eye and the upper airways (sensory irritation, SI) in the indoor environment. Four finishing products, two PVC floorings and paints, were selected to this study: PVC(+) and Paint(+)} were accepted whereas PVC(-) and Paint(-) were not acceptable in the human sensory evaluation. SI potency of VOC mixtures representing the material emissions were tested by the mouse bioassay (ASTM E981-84). Both the paints were much poorer irritants than PVC(-), but stonger than PVC(+). In the PVC floorings, the mouse bioassay and the human sensory evaluation ended up the same rank order for the two materials. On the contrary, the Paint(+) mixture from the paint accepted in the human evaluation seemed to be more potent irritant than the Paint(-) mixture. Overall, formaldehyde was the main reason for SI responses caused by the mixtures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHealthy buildings 2000 : proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationVol. 1, Exposure, human responses and building investigations
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventHealthy Buildings 2000 - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 6 Aug 200010 Aug 2000


ConferenceHealthy Buildings 2000


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