Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland

Kim Wickström, Carl-Johan Widen, Heikki Pyysalo, Cornelius Salemink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Contents of morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine and papaverine were investigated by high performance liquid chromatography in six UNL strains of Papaver somniferum grown in harch climatic conditions in different parts of Finland. P. somniferum can grow and produce alkaloids as far north as in Utsjoki, close to the Arctic sea. The maximum alkaloid concentrations were usually found immediately after the flowering stage. Small and indistinct differences in the contents of alkaloids due to climatic variations between different years and latitude of the growing place were found. The alkaloid spectrum, however, primarily depends on genetic factors; our material consisted of three different chemotypes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201 - 208
Number of pages8
JournalAnnales Botanici Fennici
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1984
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Papaver somniferum
alkaloid
Finland
alkaloids
thebaine
codeine
papaverine
morphine
chemotypes
flowering
liquid chromatography
Arctic region
high performance liquid chromatography

Cite this

Wickström, K., Widen, C-J., Pyysalo, H., & Salemink, C. (1984). Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland. Annales Botanici Fennici, 21(2), 201 - 208.
Wickström, Kim ; Widen, Carl-Johan ; Pyysalo, Heikki ; Salemink, Cornelius. / Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland. In: Annales Botanici Fennici. 1984 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 201 - 208.
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Wickström, K, Widen, C-J, Pyysalo, H & Salemink, C 1984, 'Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland', Annales Botanici Fennici, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 201 - 208.

Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland. / Wickström, Kim; Widen, Carl-Johan; Pyysalo, Heikki; Salemink, Cornelius.

In: Annales Botanici Fennici, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1984, p. 201 - 208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland

AU - Wickström, Kim

AU - Widen, Carl-Johan

AU - Pyysalo, Heikki

AU - Salemink, Cornelius

PY - 1984

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N2 - Contents of morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine and papaverine were investigated by high performance liquid chromatography in six UNL strains of Papaver somniferum grown in harch climatic conditions in different parts of Finland. P. somniferum can grow and produce alkaloids as far north as in Utsjoki, close to the Arctic sea. The maximum alkaloid concentrations were usually found immediately after the flowering stage. Small and indistinct differences in the contents of alkaloids due to climatic variations between different years and latitude of the growing place were found. The alkaloid spectrum, however, primarily depends on genetic factors; our material consisted of three different chemotypes.

AB - Contents of morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine and papaverine were investigated by high performance liquid chromatography in six UNL strains of Papaver somniferum grown in harch climatic conditions in different parts of Finland. P. somniferum can grow and produce alkaloids as far north as in Utsjoki, close to the Arctic sea. The maximum alkaloid concentrations were usually found immediately after the flowering stage. Small and indistinct differences in the contents of alkaloids due to climatic variations between different years and latitude of the growing place were found. The alkaloid spectrum, however, primarily depends on genetic factors; our material consisted of three different chemotypes.

M3 - Article

VL - 21

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EP - 208

JO - Annales Botanici Fennici

JF - Annales Botanici Fennici

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Wickström K, Widen C-J, Pyysalo H, Salemink C. Alkaloid formation of Papaver somniferum in Finland. Annales Botanici Fennici. 1984;21(2):201 - 208.