An approach for improved 3d formability of paper

Alexey Vishtal, Elias Retulainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Paper-based materials constitute a significant share of the world packaging market, successfully competing with plastic packaging. Paper is renewable, recyclable, sustainable and biodegradable material. However,it is not as flexible in terms of package design as plastic materials are. Paper packaging appears in rather simple geometrical forms while plastics can be formed to great variety of shapes. This is due to poor formability of paper. Overcoming of this problem is the key to novel paper packaging applications. Extensibility is considered to be of primary importance for the formability of paper in the processes with fixed paper blanks such as vacuum forming, hydroforming, hot pressing etc. Where it determines the maximum depth of the shapes and their appearance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-50
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Paperworld IPW
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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