An auction-based smart district heating grid

Kashif Gulzar, Seppo Sierla, Valeriy Vyatkin, Nikolaos Papakonstantinou, Paul G. Flikkema, Chen-Wei Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A district heating grid is a hot water pipeline grid used to transmit waste heat from CHP (Combined Heat and Power) production plants to buildings, where it is used for service water and space heating. Currently, broad use of district heating is limited to Northern Europe and some regions in Central Europe, but the European Union Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU drive the widespread adoption of this technology in member states. Further, these directives push the introduction of significant renewable local energy production into these grids, creating a need for a smart district heating grid that is in many ways analogous to the smart electric grid. One major difference is that in a hot water pipeline grid, there are significant delays in energy propagation, so algorithms developed for the smart electric grid are not directly applicable. In this paper, an auction based heat trade mechanism is proposed between an auctioneer agent representing the CHP plant operator and prosumer agents representing end users with local solar thermal generation capacity. A predictive simulation is used by an auctioneer to account for the said delays in energy production and to determine the market price that best satisfies the performance indicators defined by the CHP plant operator. The proposed multi-agent system is demonstrated by co-simulating it against a model of a part of a Finnish municipality's district heating grid.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE
Pages1-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-7929-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2015
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE 20th Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation - Luxembourg, France
Duration: 8 Sep 201511 Sep 2015
Conference number: 20

Conference

ConferenceIEEE 20th Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation
Abbreviated titleETFA
CountryFrance
CityLuxembourg
Period8/09/1511/09/15

Fingerprint

District heating
Water pipelines
Cogeneration plants
Space heating
Waste heat
Multi agent systems
Energy efficiency
Hot Temperature
Water

Keywords

  • cogeneration plants
  • commerce
  • district heating
  • electric power transmission networks
  • energy efficiency
  • factory automation
  • auction
  • CHP plant
  • IEC 61499
  • offer
  • price
  • prosumer
  • solar thermal

Cite this

Gulzar, K., Sierla, S., Vyatkin, V., Papakonstantinou, N., Flikkema, P. G., & Yang, C-W. (2015). An auction-based smart district heating grid. In Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on (pp. 1-8). Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ETFA.2015.7301528
Gulzar, Kashif ; Sierla, Seppo ; Vyatkin, Valeriy ; Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos ; Flikkema, Paul G. ; Yang, Chen-Wei. / An auction-based smart district heating grid. Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2015. pp. 1-8
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abstract = "A district heating grid is a hot water pipeline grid used to transmit waste heat from CHP (Combined Heat and Power) production plants to buildings, where it is used for service water and space heating. Currently, broad use of district heating is limited to Northern Europe and some regions in Central Europe, but the European Union Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU drive the widespread adoption of this technology in member states. Further, these directives push the introduction of significant renewable local energy production into these grids, creating a need for a smart district heating grid that is in many ways analogous to the smart electric grid. One major difference is that in a hot water pipeline grid, there are significant delays in energy propagation, so algorithms developed for the smart electric grid are not directly applicable. In this paper, an auction based heat trade mechanism is proposed between an auctioneer agent representing the CHP plant operator and prosumer agents representing end users with local solar thermal generation capacity. A predictive simulation is used by an auctioneer to account for the said delays in energy production and to determine the market price that best satisfies the performance indicators defined by the CHP plant operator. The proposed multi-agent system is demonstrated by co-simulating it against a model of a part of a Finnish municipality's district heating grid.",
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author = "Kashif Gulzar and Seppo Sierla and Valeriy Vyatkin and Nikolaos Papakonstantinou and Flikkema, {Paul G.} and Chen-Wei Yang",
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Gulzar, K, Sierla, S, Vyatkin, V, Papakonstantinou, N, Flikkema, PG & Yang, C-W 2015, An auction-based smart district heating grid. in Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, pp. 1-8, IEEE 20th Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation, Luxembourg, France, 8/09/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/ETFA.2015.7301528

An auction-based smart district heating grid. / Gulzar, Kashif; Sierla, Seppo; Vyatkin, Valeriy; Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos; Flikkema, Paul G.; Yang, Chen-Wei.

Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2015. p. 1-8.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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N2 - A district heating grid is a hot water pipeline grid used to transmit waste heat from CHP (Combined Heat and Power) production plants to buildings, where it is used for service water and space heating. Currently, broad use of district heating is limited to Northern Europe and some regions in Central Europe, but the European Union Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU drive the widespread adoption of this technology in member states. Further, these directives push the introduction of significant renewable local energy production into these grids, creating a need for a smart district heating grid that is in many ways analogous to the smart electric grid. One major difference is that in a hot water pipeline grid, there are significant delays in energy propagation, so algorithms developed for the smart electric grid are not directly applicable. In this paper, an auction based heat trade mechanism is proposed between an auctioneer agent representing the CHP plant operator and prosumer agents representing end users with local solar thermal generation capacity. A predictive simulation is used by an auctioneer to account for the said delays in energy production and to determine the market price that best satisfies the performance indicators defined by the CHP plant operator. The proposed multi-agent system is demonstrated by co-simulating it against a model of a part of a Finnish municipality's district heating grid.

AB - A district heating grid is a hot water pipeline grid used to transmit waste heat from CHP (Combined Heat and Power) production plants to buildings, where it is used for service water and space heating. Currently, broad use of district heating is limited to Northern Europe and some regions in Central Europe, but the European Union Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU drive the widespread adoption of this technology in member states. Further, these directives push the introduction of significant renewable local energy production into these grids, creating a need for a smart district heating grid that is in many ways analogous to the smart electric grid. One major difference is that in a hot water pipeline grid, there are significant delays in energy propagation, so algorithms developed for the smart electric grid are not directly applicable. In this paper, an auction based heat trade mechanism is proposed between an auctioneer agent representing the CHP plant operator and prosumer agents representing end users with local solar thermal generation capacity. A predictive simulation is used by an auctioneer to account for the said delays in energy production and to determine the market price that best satisfies the performance indicators defined by the CHP plant operator. The proposed multi-agent system is demonstrated by co-simulating it against a model of a part of a Finnish municipality's district heating grid.

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KW - offer

KW - price

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KW - solar thermal

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BT - Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE

ER -

Gulzar K, Sierla S, Vyatkin V, Papakonstantinou N, Flikkema PG, Yang C-W. An auction-based smart district heating grid. In Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. 2015. p. 1-8 https://doi.org/10.1109/ETFA.2015.7301528