An energy model for ice crushing in ice-structure impact

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


When a steel structure meets ice in impact like contact, the ice is being crushed at the location of the contact. In this paper, the energy loss related to the ice crushing is implemented to a contact load model. Then, the effect of energy loss on simulated ice-structure contact load is studied and compared to small scale tests done earlier when the impact load model was developed. The contact load model used is based on the pressure-area relationship and is now further enhanced with crushing energy parameters. Energy required to crush ice in impact has been studied recently. These studies relate the ice destruction energy to the volume or mass of crushed ice. Previously developed model for impact contact of ice and spherical steel surface is modified to include ice crushing energy during impact. After the modification, the impact load is compared with small scale experimental data obtained in two test sets.These experiments were done with a pendulum arrangement on sea ice during 2013 and 2014.The impact was directed to solid ice sheet as well as to a floating ice block. The pendulum mass acceleration and ice block acceleration were measured simultaneously with the impact force. The measurement results are compared with the simulated impacts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIAHR ICE 2016
PublisherInternational Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR)
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event23rd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, IAHR ICE 2016 - Ann Arbor, United States
Duration: 31 May 20173 Jun 2017
Conference number: 23


Conference23rd IAHR International Symposium on Ice, IAHR ICE 2016
Abbreviated titleIAHR-ICE 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnn Arbor
OtherThe aim of the Symposium is on research and application of ice dynamics and thermodynamics in engineering and climate change.


  • ice structure interaction


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